kas-1-le1-reviewer.pdf - lOMoARcPSD|4005899 KAS 1 LE1 REVIEWER Kasaysayanng Pilipinas(University of the Philippines Diliman StuDocu is not sponsored or

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StuDocu is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university KAS 1 LE1 REVIEWER Kasaysayanng Pilipinas (University of the Philippines Diliman) Downloaded by Kate Ayalde-Eldefenso ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|4005899
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KAS 1 REVIEWER I. ETYMOLOGY /historia/ - Greek Knowledge obtained from inquiry/investigation II. DEFINITION E.H CARR History is the unending dialogue of the past and present; continuous interaction IBN KHALDUN Al Muqaddimah (The Introduction History is the story of societal changes THOMAS CARLYLE History is nothing but the collection of stories about great men. EDWARD GIBBON History is the register of crimes, follies and misfortunes of mankind JOSE RIZAL History should focus on achievements 1. History is a narrative or story about the past a. Deals with what is relevant; (history past) b. Has 3 elements: people, time & place People is the most important element while place and time are secondary elements used for context c. History chronicle d. Has no finality i. Time ii. New evidences/findings Examples: OLDEST CIVILIZATIONS Sumer 3500 BC IVC 3300 BC 6000 BC Egypt 3100 BC China 1600 BC 1953: Sir Martimer Wheeler 37 remains Soil erosion; 900 years of drought CLAIMS IN PH HISTORY: 3 July 1892 La Liga Filipina 7 July 1892 Katipunan (claims to be started at January 1892) iii. New perspective/interpretation 2. History is the study or discipline about the past a. Deals with what is relevant b. Objective/scientific based on facts which are obtained from sources using scientific methods c. Subjective Interpretation/selection of data/topic Examples: WWII Allies vs. Axis Allies (US, UK, USSR) Axis (Germany/Italy/Japan) WWI Allies vs. Central Allies - (France, UK, Russia) Central - (A-H, Germany, Ottoman) Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Bolshevik Vladimir (communist gov’t. ) ARGUMENTS ON PH HISTORY: PEDRO PATERNO First Filipino to write a novel, “Ninay” First illustrado Negotiator of the Pact of Biak na Bato PH Presidents Arguments on whose the first president EMILIO AGUINALDO Traitor not hero Responsible for the death of Bonifacio & Luna o TEJEROS CONVENTION (re-election) o DANIEL TIRONA (rejected Andres Bonifacio) o ACTA DE TEJEROS (declaration that the only legitimate government is the Katipunan) o CONSEJO DE GUERRA (the person who claimed that Downloaded by Kate Ayalde-Eldefenso ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|4005899
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literature prose fiction nonfiction accuracy/ truth poetry Bonifacio and his brothers are guilty of rebellion and must be killed) PRES. MARCOS Unending dialogue on Martial Law d. Humanities and social sciences Humanities human experience Social sciences societal changes e. Evolving/growing 19 TH CENTURY TRADITIONAL HISTORIOGRAPHY Historiography Practice of history writing History of history writing FOCUS: politics, economy, diplomacy (about great men) METHOD: POSITIVISM the belief that knowledge can only be generated through sensory experience (August Conte); no document = no history Charles Victor LANGLOIS Charles SEIGNOBOS
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