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Running head: TICK-BORNE ENCEPHALITIS 1
TICK-BORNE ENCEPHALITIS 2Tick-borne Encephalitis Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral infection transmitted by a tick bite or the ingestion of unpasteurized dairy products that attacks humans' central nervous system. There are no reports of person to person transmission, except for in one case when a mother transmitted it to her fetus. Symptoms of TBE are; fever, achiness, loss of appetite, headache, nausea, and vomiting. More serious symptoms, confusion, swelling of the brain, and/or spinal cord, and sensory disturbances occur in 20-30% of patients with this infection. Unfortunately, there are no specific treatments for TBE. The swelling of the brain and/or spinal cord requires hospitalization and the use of corticosteroids may be considered for use. Ventilation and airway support may also be required. This virus is often seen in Europe, Siberia, Far Eastern Russia, northern China, and Japan. Those who spend a lot of time outside, hunters, fishers, campers, farmers, are at an increased risk of contracted TBE. There are around 10,000-15,000 cases of TBE reported each year. The number of TBE cases are underreported because only 16 countries require reporting of this disease (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2013). TBE cases are usually seen in males between the ages of 60-69 (Schuler, Zimmerman, Altpeter, & Heininger, 2015).