Exam 3 hist notes

Exam 3 hist notes - Exam 3 The Antebellum South...

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Exam 3! The Antebellum South: 1830-1860 (Decades prior to Civil War: 30-50 years before) African American Society in the Antebellum South f Characteristics of slave life Demographics/ distribution some areas like Western Virginia in south don’t have many slaves because cotton is not prevalent (also Northern Georgia and Western Carolina) 2.4% of slaves lived on plantations with over 200 slave; not many huge plantations, about 90% lived in rural environment (farms) Lower South: slave population = 50%; Upper South (KY, TN) whites had clear majority (S. Carolina only state with higher black population) populations of slaves grew dramatically from 1800-1860 by 4 times! 1808- Importation of slaves banned, so must have been mostly natural reproduction that causes pop. increase; smuggled slave was approx. 50,000-300,000 but total population increased by 3 million must have been suitable conditions for reproduction? Religion 2 nd Great Awakening: masters interested in converting slaves to Christianity, slaves had own services or went to the back of churches slaves got together in slave quarters for own worship services; story of Exodus was favorite (about Jewish slaves) blacks will eventually start their own churches slaves retained many traditions and cultures like “ring shout”; over 4,000 words with African roots still used in African community Labor Arrangements- gang vs. task system gang system: used for cotton planting, slaves worked sun up to sun down with overseer and manager who overseers reported to; overseers had whips and were sometimes even blacks. They were given Sundays and holidays off, some masters liked to provide alcohol to slaves on holidays; thought that if they were hung over, they wouldn’t want to drink again. Once kids were old enough, they worked around the house (4 hrs. a day until 13 yrs. old) then they worked 6-7 hrs. until 16 and treated as an adult task system: prevalent in hemp country and rice country better deal for slaves because had more control over life once you’re done, your day was done and you could go home, not time-based, set amount of work to do sometimes slaves were allowed to work on their days off for money, small minority worked as artisans on farms and plantations (carpenters, seamstress, wheel) Family on large plantations, were typically standard 2 parent 2 children, if a slave was on a plantation, less chance of family being broken up, because they could afford to keep more slaves even if family broken, stayed in touch with each other
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Living Conditions on larger plantations, generally better living conditions with their own quarters, smaller plantations lived with masters in same house diet generally pork, molasses, corn; little variety in south, could have led to diseases and shorter life spans slave codes laws designed to keep African Americans in check, 1 st in Virginia, ex: forbidden to play drums/horns, no legal standing in court, let whites
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Hatfield during the Fall '07 term at Texas A&M.

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Exam 3 hist notes - Exam 3 The Antebellum South...

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