Test 1 Study Guide - The Revolution in Politics Background to the Revolution The origins of the French Revolution include the following factors 1 Poor

Test 1 Study Guide - The Revolution in Politics Background...

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The Revolution in Politics Background to the Revolution: The origins of the French Revolution include the following factors: 1) Poor monarchy- King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette; 2) The nobility demanded power; 3) New political ideas derived from the enlightenment; 4) Financial problems- didn’t tax wealthy as should have, and investment in US Rev War. Legal Orders and Social Change: 3 estates: Clergy, Nobility, Everyone else. Everyone else included the Bourgeoisie, who were the upper middle class. The Crisis of Political Legitimacy: Louis XV was enraged by the Parlement of Paris when it checked his power to levy taxes. Rene de Maupeou abolished the existing Parlement of Paris, exiled the members and taxed privileged groups. This started the ciriticism of the French government, “royal despotism”. Louis XVI inherited this government. The Impact of the American Revolution : France financed a large portion of the American Revolution. It was similar to the French Revolution because of the struggle over taxes. Financial Crisis: An Assembly of Notables was assembled to advise the king of France in 1788/89. Along with the help the nobles provided they demanded that control over government spending should be given to the provincial assemblies. The King didn’t agree- the notables rebelled- the King established more taxes- the Parlement of Paris voided the taxes- Finally Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates General. Revolution in Metropole and Colony (1789-1791) The Formation of the National Assemby The Estates General met in 1789 for the first time since 1614. There was a general agreement that royal absolutism should give way to a constitutional monarchy in which laws and taxes would require the consent of the Estates General. The problem with the layout of the Estates General was that each estate had an equal vote, despite the third estate representing the vast majority of France. The “National Assembly” was formed in June 17, 1789. They pledged by the Tennis Court Oath to not disband the National Assembly until a New Constitution was written. The Revolt of the Poor and the Oppressed The economy plummeted. Bread prices soared. Demand for manufactured goods collapsed and thousands were thrown out of work. 25% of the city’s people were unemployed. The people feared that the aristocratic landowners and grain speculators would control everything. Rumors began that the King’s army would soon seize control of the city- the people took action. On July 14, 1789, crowds of people stormed the Bastille in Paris in search of weapons and ammunition. Marquis de Lafayette was voted commander of the city’s armed forces. This uprising saved the National Assembly. This also led to peasents all thorugout France to rise up against their Lords. This then led to the “Great Fear”. On August 4 th 1789, the delegates at Versailles legally abolished the privileges of the nobles.

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