Period_3_Review_and_Study_Guide.docx - Period 3...

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Period 3 Review (1754-1800) Important Events Proclamation Line (1763) Grenville’s Program (1764) Boston Massacre (1770) Intolerable Acts Passed (1774) Declaration of Independence (1776) Articles of Confederation (1777) Constitution Ratified (1788) Washington’s Inauguration (1789) Bill of Rights Adopted (1791) Election of Jefferson (1800) Themes Conflict Indians / Proc. Of 1763 Between the British and the Colonies Various Acts (Stamp, Sugar, etc.) The Revolution Nation Building The Enlightenment Republicanism Federalists / Anti-Federalists First political parties (Federalist/ Democrat-Republican) Expansion Migration in North America Multiracial National Identity Westward Expansion Conflict with Indians / Europeans Struggles over Social, Political, and Economic Identity Albany Plan of Union French and Indian War Pontiac’s Rebellion Proclamation of 1763 Road to Revolution Currency Act of 1764 Stamp Act of 1765 Quartering Act of 1765 Declaratory Act of 1766 Gaspée Affair of 1772 Tea Act of 1773 / Boston Tea Party Coercive Acts of 1774 Lexington and Concord of 1775 Second Continental Congress Thomas Paine published Common Sense Declaration of Independence Action of the War Washington loses 6 of 9 major Battles Saratoga (Turning Point—French Aid (Loans / Military Support) Yorktown Treaty of Paris (1783) Patriots vs Loyalists The Global Influence of the Revolution The French / Haitian / Latin American Revolution (All extensions of the Enlightenment) Critical Period Articles of Confederation Shay’s Rebellion Constitutional Convention Virginia / New Jersey Plans Great Compromise Checks and Balances Federalists and Antifederalists Bill of Rights Northwest Ordinance Washington’s Administration * created the cabinet and established the title of “Mr. President” * put an unofficial two-term limit into play * established neutrality as our foreign policy * federal court systems established * oversaw first new states: Vermont (1791), Kentucky (1792), Tennessee (1796) * Selected site for national capitol on Potomac * Jay’s Treaty and Pinckney’s Treaty established foreign treaties *Farewell Address *Whiskey Rebellion establishes power of central gov. Strict vs. Loose Construction Hamilton’s Financial Plan Assume state debts excise tax on whisky tariffs / National Bank Jefferson’s Agrarian Ideal Development of political parties Adams XYZ Affair, Quasi War Alien and Sedition Acts Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions (Nullification) John Marshall Peaceful Transfer of Power (1800) Slavery and American Government: * Northwest Ordinance of 1787 banished slavery there * international slave trade could be abolished after 1808 – and was, by Jefferson 3/5ths compromise (gives the South a substantial advantage) The North abolishes slavery after the Constitution
Women’s Rights in the New Republic Women in the Revolution Abigail Adams: Remember the Ladies Republican Motherhood Influence of the Enlightenment in American Constitutionalism: * John Locke taught that human beings were essentially good, and that as individuals, we came together to create government, to protect our rights to life, liberty, and property; if government (King George III) didn’t protect

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