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Maarten Overeem471326Tutorial EDr. Chris NiersatzGlobal HistoryTools of dominanceWhat role played Orientalism in Western colonial rule over non-Western civilizations27thseptember 2019
‘A Friendly Power in Egypt’ W.C. Horsley 1906 from The Century Edition of Cassell's History of England, published c. 1900Since the beginning of time different people have come in touch with each other. Usually these contacts were very little and brief. This has always caused for people to form ideas about each other, to create views of each other. Probably the most view of one people towards another is that of Western-Europeans towards the East, Middle-East, India and the Far East. This is mainly due to book written by Edward Said Orientalism. However Orientalism had already been around for a large amount of time. In this essay a closer look will be taken into what role Orientalism played in Western colonial rule over non-Western civilizations.As a starting point a definition of Orientalism should be given. Orientalism is the Western world creating an image of what different societies ought to be identified as. All the lands that lay to the Eastof Europe used be called Orient, this means East in Latin. This shows that creating an image of alien societies started with depicting Asian countries. But the term can also be used for countries that are not in Asia and do not lay to the East of Europe. Naturally this image has not always been the same.