BUSINESS_COMMUNICATION (1).pdf - BUSINESS COMMUNICATION...

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BUSINESS COMMUNICATION Chapter 1 English Grammar and its Usage 1 2 Enriching Vocabulary 31 3 Comprehension of Passage and Art of Summarising 69 4 Concept of Business Communication 91 5 Listening Skills 124 6 Business Correspondence 142 7 Concept of E-Correspondence 173 8 Common Business Terminologies 191
Lesson 1 ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND ITS USAGE 1
Business Communication 2 Grammar and its Usage English language follows a set of rules like all other languages. Broadly speaking, the part of Grammar concerned with changes in the form of words by internal modification or by affixation is known as accidence and the manner in which these words are arranged in the form of a sentence is called syntax. For example, the root word‘contradiction’ is a noun. It can be changed into different parts of speech. If you say ‘contradict, it becomes a verb and if you say ‘contradictory’ it becomes an adjective. Good dictionaries give all the changes that a root word can undergo. Good to Know!!! Some words may be used as different parts of speech without any change in their form. For example, the word beat remains unchanged in the following sentences; though it is a different part of speech in each sentence : The angry mob was beating the thief mercilessly. (verb). The beat of the drum sent people into frenzy (noun) The beat generation (young people with unconventional dress and behaviour as expression of sociall philosophy) has its own ethics. (Adjective) Sometimes it is possible to use the same word, with a slight modification, as a different part of speech: For example, the root word confirm is used here as a noun in the first, as a verb in the second and as an adjective in the third sentence. We received confirmation of the order in writing yesterday. (Noun) The party confirmed the receipt of the consignment. (Verb) He is a confirmed defaulter. (Adjective) Parts of Speech in English Words are divided into eight classes according to the work they do in a sentence. They are as follows: PARTS OF SPEECH Noun Pronoun Adjectives Verbs Adverbs Prepositions Conjunctions Interjections
Business Communication 3 These word classes are called Part of Speech. They are explained below: Nouns A noun is “naming word”. It names somebody or something. Rahul took the dog to park. The car makes a lot of noise. Look at the example above. A noun is the name of a person (Rahul), animal (dog), place (park), thing (car) or idea (noise). Kinds of Nouns Nouns may be divided into (a) common nouns and (b) proper nouns. Common nouns are the names given in common to all persons, places or things of the same class. For example, bank, shop, market, etc. Collective noun : Common nouns include another class known as collective nouns. A collective noun names agroup of people, animals or things regarded as a whole., e.g., batch, company, university, crowd, flock, etc.

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