ZOOLOGY%20SUMMARY

ZOOLOGY%20SUMMARY - KINGDOM PROTISTA: mainly unicellular,...

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KINGDOM PROTISTA: mainly unicellular, diverse and complex, asexual reproduction common PHYLUM Rhizopoda Zoomastigophora Ciliophora Apicomplexa (Amoeboids) (Zooflagellates) (Ciliates) (Sporozons) CLASS SKIN- Ectoplasm, Ectoplasm, Ectoplasm, Ectoplasm, EXOSKELETON shells in some pellicle, shells pellicle cuticle in some ENDOSKELETON part of test, organic fibrils skeletal plates hyrostatic hydrostatic and trichites pressure MUSCULAR- pseudopodia flagella cilia myonemes MOTOR DIGESTIVE ameboid, food holophytic, cytopharynx, tentacular canals, vaculoes saprozoic, food vaculoes saprozoic holozoic RESPIRATORY direct body surface direct body surface EXCRETORY contractile vacuoles, direct body surface contractile vacuoles, direct body surface CIRCULATORY absent absent absent absent REPRODUCTIVE no special asexual, by sexual with gamete formation and syngamy, organelles binary fission conjugation, or autogamy multiple fission fragmentation NERVOUS no special structures no special structures SENSORY general stigma and cilia and ectoplasm reaction of flagella ectoplasm ectoplasm
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KINGDOM: Animalia: multicelluar heterotrophs, usually motile PHYLUM Porifera: aquatic, asymmetric or radially symmetric, no germ layers, cellular level of organization body plan with pores and canals; spongocoel and osculum, choanocytes CLASS Calcarea Hexactinellida Demospongiae SKIN- epidermis of pinacocytes, permeated with pores; EXOSKELETON mesenchyme ENDOSKELETON CaCO3 spicules SiO2 spicules SiO2 spicules, spogin MUSCULAR- myocytes; flagellated choanocytes; some pinacocytes MOTOR are contractile DIGESTIVE canal system, choanocytes, amebocytes, food vaculoes RESPIRATORY direct body surface EXCRETORY amebocytes, direct body surface CIRCULATORY no special structures REPRODUCTIVE scattered sex cells, gonads and ducts absent, dioecious or monoecious NERVOUS absent absent absent SENSORY general reaction of ectoplasm
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SUBKINGDOM METAZOA BRANCH (C) EUMETAZOA: GRADE (I) RADIATA with primary radial or biradial sym., tissue level organization, w/ mouth and gastric cavity but no anus PHYLUM Cnidaria: radial or biradial sym.; attached Ctenophora: polyps and/or free medusae, tissue level of organization, biradial sym.; ciliary comb rows diploblastic, nematocysts colloblasts CLASS Hydrozoa Scyphozoa and Anthozoa Cubozoa SKIN- epidermis, epidermis epidermis, epidermis EXOSKELETON perisac calcareous skeleton/coral ENDOSKELETON mesoglea; hydrostatic & hydralic fluid gelatinous collenchyme, conn. pressure; mesenchymal elements tissue MUSCULAR- epitheliomuscular cells w/ contractile mesenchymal muscle MOTOR DIGESTIVE gastrovascular cavity, intra- & extra- mouth, pharynx, cellular digestion, gastric filaments gastrovascular canals RESPIRATORY direct body surface EXCRETORY no special structures, excretory pores no special structures in some CIRCULATORY gastrovascular cavity gastrovascular system
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ZOOLOGY%20SUMMARY - KINGDOM PROTISTA: mainly unicellular,...

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