Government notes, 11-15.docx - Government notes Ch 11...

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Government notes Ch. 11: Article 1 Section 1-Legislative powers 2-representatives 3- senate 4- sessions (congress has to meet once a year) 5- judge elections 6- pay 7- Revenue bills (spending, comes from house of rep) 8- duties of congress Todays Congress -on exam- 1. Size of the staff (men/women who work for congress person-congress can hire up to 18 people, house of reps gets 800,000 allowance to spend on staff, senator(depending on size of state) gets 2-4 million each) 2. Number of incumbent 3. Role of seniority( how long you’ve been elected) 4. # of careers -Constitutional duty- simply to make laws -incumbants- win 90%. How do they stay in office? They serve you. 1. serve 2. pork barrel 3. gerrymandering Open seat election= no incumbent 1. More money spent 2. No advantage on campaign, more even 3. More even DAC money Incumbents- don’t always win. 10%. More concerned about their state issues, local issues 1. Disruptive issues- did something to make ppl mad 2. Personal misconduct 3. Voter turnout 4. Primary challenger
5. Super pacs- independent on your campaign, spend money for or against them 6. Dark $ Senator contested elections 1. State wide- entire state voting on one decision 2. Better known candidate 3. Better at utilizing their own money Representative requirements- 25 years old, lived in US for 7 years Senate- 30 years old, lived in US for 9 years -1/3 members of congress are lawyers -majority of members are white men -personally wealthy *Partsianship- source of unity and disunity in congress (compromise) Senate- less structure, more opportunities to discuss/debate Committees- house members get 2, senate gets 4 but only uses 2 Cloture- a parliamentary process to end a debate in the Senate, as a measure against the filibuster; invoked when three-fifths of senators vote for the motion Filibuster- a parliamentary maneuver used in the Senate to extend debate on a piece of legislation as long as possible, typically with the intended purpose of obstructing or killing it Committees- most of the work, if not all the work by legislative is done in committees. There is presently 20 “standing” committees (they don’t change) Committees have jurisdiction over a particular policy. they have the power to recommend laws. Ex- agriculture, veteran affairs, armed services Seniority is usually in charge Jurisdiction- elements of authority, you can propose legislation. Committee jurisdiction- the policy area it is authorized to act on Conference committee- temporary, members from both the house and senate: seek to agree on a change to a bill. a special type of joint committee that reconciles different bills passed in the House and Senate so a single bill results Major functions of the congress: 1. Lawmaking (approve federal programs) 2. Representing their home state 3. Oversight/ a check on government spending, The process by which Congress follows up on laws it has enacted to ensure that they are being enforced and administered in the way Congress intended.

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