Government notesCh. 11:Article 1Section 1-Legislative powers2-representatives3- senate4- sessions (congress has to meet once a year)5- judge elections6- pay7- Revenue bills (spending, comes from house of rep)8- duties of congressTodays Congress -on exam-1.Size of the staff (men/women who work for congress person-congress can hire up to 18 people, house of reps gets 800,000 allowance to spend on staff, senator(depending on size of state) gets 2-4 million each) 2.Number of incumbent3.Role of seniority( how long you’ve been elected)4.# of careers-Constitutional duty- simply to make laws-incumbants- win 90%. How do they stay in office? They serve you.1. serve2. pork barrel3. gerrymanderingOpen seat election= no incumbent1.More money spent2.No advantage on campaign, more even3.More even DAC moneyIncumbents- don’t always win. 10%. More concerned about their state issues, local issues1.Disruptive issues- did something to make ppl mad2.Personal misconduct3.Voter turnout4.Primary challenger
5.Super pacs- independent on your campaign, spend money for or against them6.Dark $Senator contested elections1.State wide- entire state voting on one decision2.Better known candidate3.Better at utilizing their own moneyRepresentative requirements- 25 years old, lived in US for 7 yearsSenate- 30 years old, lived in US for 9 years-1/3 members of congress are lawyers-majority of members are white men-personally wealthy*Partsianship- source of unity and disunity in congress (compromise)Senate- less structure, more opportunities to discuss/debate Committees- house members get 2, senate gets 4 but only uses 2Cloture- a parliamentary process to end a debate in the Senate, as a measure against the filibuster; invoked when three-fifths of senators vote for the motionFilibuster- a parliamentary maneuver used in the Senate to extend debate on a piece of legislation aslong as possible, typically with the intended purpose of obstructing or killing itCommittees- most of the work, if not all the work by legislative is done in committees. There is presently 20 “standing” committees (they don’t change)Committees have jurisdiction over a particular policy. they have the power to recommend laws. Ex- agriculture, veteran affairs, armed servicesSeniority is usually in chargeJurisdiction- elements of authority, you can propose legislation. Committee jurisdiction- the policy area it is authorized to act onConference committee- temporary, members from both the house and senate: seek to agree on a change to a bill. a special type of joint committee that reconciles different bills passed in the House and Senate so a single bill resultsMajor functions of the congress:1.Lawmaking (approve federal programs)2.Representing their home state3.Oversight/ a check on government spending, The process by which Congress follows up on laws it has enacted to ensure that they are being enforced and administered in the way Congress intended.