10 Social Complexity

10 Social Complexity - Cultural Anthropology 2/3/08...

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Cultural Anthropology 2/3/08 Social Complexity 1 2/3/08 Exchange in Small- and Intermediate-scale Societies 2/3/08 A variety of items can be used for exchange Some have no intrinsic value 2/3/08 They can be divided between various spheres of activity: Banana Leaf Bundles Woven Skirts Women’s wealth in the Trobriand Islands 2/3/08 Yams Men’s wealth in the Trobriand Islands 2/3/08 Exotic items can be important for developing interregional connections Stone Axes produced in the highlands…. . 2/3/08 …can be traded for shell necklaces produced on the coast. ..
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Cultural Anthropology 2/3/08 Social Complexity 2 2/3/08 …which are used for ceremonial exchanges in the highlands. 2/3/08 Often, the trading relationship is more important than what is being traded 2/3/08 The Trobriand Islands Kula Trade 2/3/08 Kula is based on the exchange of shell jewelry Each type circulates in only one direction 2/3/08 Other items are exchanged as well. 2/3/08 The trade entails dangerous sea voyages in both directions
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Cultural Anthropology 2/3/08 Social Complexity 3 2/3/08 Each trader has a single partner on each of the islands he trades with 2/3/08 As the shell circulate, they gain value Malinowski saw a necklace in the 1920’s which was already old and famous. It was still in circulation over 50 years later. 2/3/08 How Society Works: Social Relations, Status, and Leadership 2/3/08 Population/Complexity Smal-scale Intermediate-scale Large-scale Band Tribe Chiefdom State Industrial State The Dimensions of Social Complexity Social Relations Food Requirements/Base of Subsistence Foraging Extensive Ag. Intensive Ag. Mechanized Ag.
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10 Social Complexity - Cultural Anthropology 2/3/08...

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