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Running head: RESEARCH CRITIQUES AND PICOT STATEMENT Research critiques and PICOT Statement- final draft By Nnaemeka Onuoha Grand Canyon University: NRS-433 7/26/20 1
Running head: RESEARCH CRITIQUES AND PICOT STATEMENT INRODUCTION. The purpose of this paper is to discuss about research critique of two quantitative and two qualitative research in relation to earlier identified PICOT question which asked how do fatigue and burnout among nurses affect the quality of nursing care and patient safety within 4 weeks of 8 to 12 hours shift. According to Gasparino and Guirardello (2015), burnout constitutes a psychological syndrome that occurs in individual exposed to sources of chronic present in workplace, with higher incidence among those who relate closely to others. Burnout is the first reaction caused in response to workload, social conflict, and stress due to constant demands which may lead, as a coping strategy, to emotional and cognitive distancing of the profession in relation to their work. Burnout syndrome associated with work environment that hinder the professional practice of nurses, might contribute to significant negative outcomes for individuals, institutions and society. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH. The two earlier identified qualitative article research are Relationship of patient safety culture with factors influencing working environment such as working hours, the number of night shifts, and the number of days off among healthcare workers in Japan: a cross-sectional study by Hayashi et al. (2020), and Fatigue, burnout, work environment, workload and perceived patient safety culture among critical care nurses by Al ma’mari et al.(2020). SIGNIFICANCE TO NURSING. Both articles on qualitative are significant to nursing because they studied the relationship of patient safety, quality of care with factors influencing it such as work hours, fatigue, workload among nurses. 2
Running head: RESEARCH CRITIQUES AND PICOT STATEMENT PURPOSE OF STUDY. Both qualitative articles were aimed to identify predictors for perceived patient safety among nurses. Also, the purpose of these studies was to determine the relationship between fatigues, workload, burnout, work environment and patient safety among nurses. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDIES The studies were aimed to examine the relationship between patient safety culture and working environment. RESARCH QUESTION. The articles were attempting to answer is how fatigue, workload, burnout and work environment can predict the perception of patient safety among nurses and how it can affect the quality of care rendered to patient. HOW THE TWO QUALITATIVE ARTICLES SUPPORT NURSE PRACTICE ISSUE. The article by Hayashi et al. (2020), showed the relationship between patient safety with factors influencing work environment, while the research conducted by Al ma’mari et al. (2020) showed fatigue, burnout in relation to patient safety.

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