Soc211 26 - Soc211 Notes for film Tough Guise(part 2 Social...

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Soc211 26/7/12 Notes for film, Tough Guise (part 2) - Social scientists have developed a body of research over the past couple of decades which demonstrates that repeated exposure to sexualized violence in pornography and in Hollywood film and music video can have the effect of desensitizing viewers – especially males – to the humanity of female victims and potential victims - Men are brought up in a culture where violence is pervasive, and getting more pervasive. Exposed to something so repeatedly that you become jaded - This desensitization begins early in life, and today, due to the proliferation of pornographic images on the Internet, cable television, and increasingly in “mainstream” TV and film culture, millions of young boys and men are being exposed to an unprecedented level of sexualized brutality against women - The widespread incidence of men’s violence against women – both sexualized and other forms of non-sexual abuse – is linked to cultural constructs of violent masculinity and sexism and is not simply due to the accumulation of a high number of individual men acting out violently o It’s not about masculinity, it’s about criminality that is inherited. Idea that criminals are born that way - Violent behaviour is overwhelmingly learned behaviour, and in the late 20 th and early 21 st century, the media is the most powerful teacher and transmitter of cultural values - INVULNERABILISM o There is more to what our culture holds up as “masculine” than just violence. Boys are also being taught, by the popular culture, that a real man is not only strong physically, but emotionally as well, in the highly restrictive sense that real men don’t need other people, that they can make it on their own o This ideal has been represented in popular culture by characters like the Marlboro Man o Masculinity is synonymous with invulnerability and indifference to others o This destructive masculine ethos has inspired and normalized cruel institutional and political behaviour o The “rugged individualist” linked to Western notions of ideal individualism Anything that suggests that individuals are paramount is going to be elevated in popular culture - VULNERABILITY o More diversified images of masculinity require more honest portrayals of male vulnerability, a glamorization of authentic male experience and feeling that breaks the association with weakness of male sensitivity and compassion for others o alternative” masculinities Soulliere, “Wrestling with Masculinity” - Hegemonic masculinity: a particular kind of masculinity – dominant, culturally ideal o Most revealed. Boys are expected to live up to this

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