Biodiversity Adventures within Gables Park By: Sam Cook
Sam Cook 1 Introduction: Biodiversity is the measure of variation between living organisms. This includes variation between many different species, genetics and ecosystem levels. To introduce, an inventory of living things within Gables Park will be examined by using proper sampling techniques to collect the appropriate specimens. Then they will be compared and contrasted in order to classify the structure of the organism. This is being done in order to see the variety of species within Gables park and to communicate the information found to prove understanding of the diversity of living things. PSA, no animals were harmed in the making of this project. Map: This is a map showing the inventory that was conducted which includes approximate measurements of the area. This is the Gables Park and in this area, many living organisms were found to prove the understanding of the diversity of living things. What was observed: The living things that were found in this area include: Eastern Cottontail: Taxonomy: Class: Mammalia
Sam Cook 2 Order: Lagomorpha Family: Leporidae – hares, rabbits Genus: Sylvilagus floridanus The Eastern cottontail is a member of the family Leporidae and is the most common rabbit species found in North America. This type of rabbit likes to live in open fields, meadows and farms. They also like to look for food at night and they are herbivores. They enjoy eating grass, herbs, legumes and even occasional garden vegetables if given the chance. When a female rabbit gives birth her offspring is born in a shallow ground nest but unfortunately, after birth, only fifteen percent of the young survive their first year in the outside world. Eastern cottontails also breed three to four times a year and produce three to eight young per birth. These rabbits mature quickly and are self-sufficient a couple of weeks after birth. This means when the rabbit hits the age of one they are able to mate so populations are able to grow very rapidly. In the wild Eastern cottontails can live up to the ages between three to five years and if they are held in captivity they can live up to eight years. The normal breathing rate for an adult eastern cottontail rabbit is thirty to sixty breaths per minute. It is estimated that there are 5 eastern cottontail rabbits within Gables park. Fun fact, eastern cottontails can use camouflage and deception to hide their nests from predators. Timmy the Rabbit
Sam Cook 3 Map showing range of the Cottontail This map shows the range of the Eastern Cottontail in Canada. The Eastern Cottontail can be found in Southern Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba depending. As well, these furry creatures are very active at dusk, dawn and night.