Sociological Criminology Emile Durkheim - Sociological...

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Sociological Criminology – Emile Durkheim Vold Chapter 6 Intellectual Backdrop Thinking inspired by two major events oFrench Revolution oIndustrial Revolution Elemental concepts oMechanical solidarity (uniformity) oOrganic solidarity (diversity/division of labor) Gemeinschaft/Gesselschaft Functionalism Defined Crime is “normal”; it serves a valued social purpose No society has existed crime free The Purpose of Functionalism Crime is to be regulated and controlled, not eliminated Crime and deviance are continually redefined oDefining deviance up (more restrictive law) oDefining deviance down (more permissive law)
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Unformatted text preview:• Constant balance achieved between deviants and conformists Normalization Aims • This produces "social solidarity" o Normality is defined through a contrast with criminality/deviance • This practical benefit is in managing work load • Benefits society through allowing for innovation/adaptation o MLK o Gandhi o American revolutionaries • Otherwise individuals would be "pathologically over controlled" Durkheim's Legacy • Social disorganization (Chicago School) • Anomie/Strain theory • Control theory