Practice exercises_phonemes_allophones_answer_key

Answer key there is one minimal pairs with distinction

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Unformatted text preview: eme. Examine the data, and then answer the questions that follow. The transcription is phonetic; the tilde ~ over a vowel represents nasalization. [bhut] [bič] ‘ghost’ ‘middle’ [gəmbhir] [bar] [bha~ǰi] ‘serious’ ‘occasion’ ‘sister’s brother’ [ǰəvab] ‘answer’ [səb i] [bhabhi] [ǰəb] h ‘all’ ‘brother’s wife’ ‘pocket’ [ləgbhəg] ‘approximately’ [bhi] [ǰibh] [ubalna] [abhari] [bʊzʊrg] [dobara] [bhar] [čabi] [ba~ka] [bɪkna] ‘also’ ‘tongue’ ‘to boil’ ‘grateful’ ‘elderly’ ‘again’ ‘burden’ ‘key’ ‘crooked’ ‘to be sold’ i). Do the sounds [b] and [bh] contrast in Hindi, are they in free variation, or are they in complementary distribution? If either contrast or free variation, justify your answer from the data. If complementary distribution, state the distribution of the two words. ii). Do the two sounds in question represent different phonemes in Hindi, or are they allophones of the same phoneme? ANSWER KEY: - there is one minimal pairs with distinction in meaning, illustrating the two sounds. This is the pair [bar] ‘occasion’ and [bhar] ‘burden’ this demonstrates that the sounds contrast in Hindi, and they represent therefore different phonemes: /b/ and /bh/ EXERCISE 9. The following three sounds exist phonetically in Japanese: [h], [ɸ], and [ç]. ([ɸ] is a voiceless bilabial fricative; it is usually Romanized in transliteration as f. [ç] is a voiceless palatal fricative. Note also that [ɯ] is a high back unrounded vowel). Examine the data below, given in phonetic transcription, and then determine which of these three possibilities if the case for Japanese: i. The three sounds are allophones of the same phoneme ii. Two of the three sounds are allophones of one phoneme, while the third belongs to another phoneme iii. The three sounds represent three different phonemes. 9|Page PHONEMES AND ALLOPHONES– LINA01 H3F PRACTICE EXERCISES –ANSWER KEY Justify your answer. If you find that some or all of these sounds belong to the same phoneme, give the rule or rules determining the distribution of allophones. If you find that some or all of these sounds contrast, prove it. [çito] ‘person’ [ɸɯne] ‘ship’ [haha] ‘mother’ [hon] ‘book’ [çiɸɯ] ‘skin’ [haʃi] ‘chopsticks’ [asaçi] ‘morning sun’ [hohei] ‘infantryman’ [heta] ‘awkward, unskillful’ [ɸɯhenɸɯto] ‘neutrality’ ANSWER KEY: - in order to answer this question, it is necessary to examine the distribution of the three pairs of sounds: [h] – [ɸ]; [ɸ - ç]; [ç - h] there are no minimal pairs illustrating them; therefore, we need to examine their distribution [ɸ] [h] # - a # # # o ɯ - i a - a e o e e h [ç] ɯ ɯ # i ɯ the distribution above illustrates complementary patterns; ɸ is possible only when followed by the sound ɯ; ç is possible only when followed by the sound i; and h van be followed by a more extensive class of vowels we also know that the three sounds have features in common; all of them are fricative sounds. Therefore we can conclude that they are allophones of the same phoneme; the phoneme is the sound which has the widest distribution, namely /h/ allophonic rules: [h]/_elsewhere /h/ [ɸ]/ _ ɯ [ç] _ i 10 | P a g e PHONEMES AND ALLOPHONES– LINA01 H3F PRACTICE EXERCISES –ANSWER KEY OR /h / [h]/elsewhere - 11 | P a g e [ɸ]/_ ɯ [ç]/_i...
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2012 for the course LINGUISTIC LINA01 taught by Professor Monica-alexandrinairimia during the Summer '11 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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