Practice exercises_phonemes_allophones_answer_key

The phoneme is represented by the variant with the

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: tures stop, among others), it can be postulated that they constitute allophones of the same phoneme. the phoneme is represented by the variant with the widest distribution - /nd/ (/nd/ can be preceded and followed by a more extensive class of sounds, as shown above) allophonic rules: / nd/ n [ d]/V_V n / d/ OR [d]/word initially_ [nd]/V_V [d]/#_ EXERCISE 2. [r] and [l] are in complementary distribution in one variety of Ganda (a major language spoken in Uganda). Sate the conditions under which each appears. kola lwana buulira lya luula omugole lumonde eddwaliro oluganda olulimi 2|Page ‘do’ ‘fight’ ‘tell’ ‘eat’ ‘sit’ ‘bride’ ‘sweet potato’ ‘hospital’ ‘Ganda language’ ‘tongue’ wulira beera jjukira eryato omuliro effirimbi emmeeri eraddu wawaabira lagira ‘hear’ ‘help’ ‘remember’ ‘canoe’ ‘fire’ ‘whistle’ ‘ship’ ‘lightning’ ‘accuse’ ‘command’. PHONEMES AND ALLOPHONES– LINA01 H3F PRACTICE EXERCISES –ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY: [l] _____________ o a # wa u i # ya # u u a # u a i o u u i # a - [r] _____________ i a o e i o e a e ya i i e i Some observations regarding their distribution: o [r] does not appear word-initially o [r] is possible only in the context of at least one front sound (i, e), while [l] does not have this requirement; [l] requires at least one non-front sound in its vicinity. EXERCISE 3. The following Burmese data, transcribed phonetically, contains both voiced and voiceless nasals. The latter are indicated by a small circle placed under the symbol. Are the voiced and voiceless nasals in contrast, i.e. do they constitute separate phonemes, or are they allophones of the same phoneme? If the sounds in question are in complementary distribution, state the contexts in which they occur. [mi] ‘five’ [hmoi] ‘to lean against’ [mwey] ‘to give birth’ [hmowey] ‘fragrant’ [myiɁ] ‘river’ [hmoyayɁ] ‘to cure’ [ne] ‘small’ [hnoey] ‘slow’ [nwe] ‘to bend flexibility’ [hnowey] ‘to heat’ [ŋa] ‘five’ [hnoa] ‘to lend property’ [ŋouɁ] ‘stump (of tree)’ [hnoeɁ] ‘bird’ 3|Page PHONEMES AND ALLOPHONES– LINA01 H3F PRACTICE EXERCISES –ANSWER KEY Burmese is a Tibeto-Burman language, spoken in Burma (the Union of Myanmar), a country in Southeast Asia. The specific phonetic symbols (such as Ɂ) are irrelevant to the answer to this problem. ANSWER KEY: - It can be observed in the data above that voiceless nasals are possible only after the sound h, which is a voiceless sound It would be plausible to assume that the two voiced and voiceless nasal are in complementary distribution; The examples above contain onl...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online