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Unformatted text preview: tures stop, among others), it can be
postulated that they constitute allophones of the same phoneme.
the phoneme is represented by the variant with the widest distribution - /nd/ (/nd/ can be
preceded and followed by a more extensive class of sounds, as shown above)
[d]/#_ EXERCISE 2. [r] and [l] are in complementary distribution in one variety of Ganda (a major
language spoken in Uganda). Sate the conditions under which each appears.
olulimi 2|Page ‘do’
‘command’. PHONEMES AND ALLOPHONES– LINA01 H3F PRACTICE EXERCISES –ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY: [l]
a - [r]
i Some observations regarding their distribution:
o [r] does not appear word-initially
o [r] is possible only in the context of at least one front sound (i, e), while [l] does
not have this requirement; [l] requires at least one non-front sound in its vicinity. EXERCISE 3. The following Burmese data, transcribed phonetically, contains both voiced and
voiceless nasals. The latter are indicated by a small circle placed under the symbol. Are the
voiced and voiceless nasals in contrast, i.e. do they constitute separate phonemes, or are they
allophones of the same phoneme? If the sounds in question are in complementary distribution,
state the contexts in which they occur.
[mi] ‘five’ [hmoi] ‘to lean against’ [mwey] ‘to give birth’ [hmowey] ‘fragrant’ [myiɁ] ‘river’ [hmoyayɁ] ‘to cure’ [ne] ‘small’ [hnoey] ‘slow’ [nwe] ‘to bend flexibility’ [hnowey] ‘to heat’ [ŋa] ‘five’ [hnoa] ‘to lend property’ [ŋouɁ] ‘stump (of tree)’ [hnoeɁ] ‘bird’ 3|Page PHONEMES AND ALLOPHONES– LINA01 H3F PRACTICE EXERCISES –ANSWER KEY Burmese is a Tibeto-Burman language, spoken in Burma (the Union of Myanmar), a country in
Southeast Asia. The specific phonetic symbols (such as Ɂ) are irrelevant to the answer to this
ANSWER KEY: - It can be observed in the data above that voiceless nasals are possible only after the sound
h, which is a voiceless sound
It would be plausible to assume that the two voiced and voiceless nasal are in
The examples above contain onl...
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- Summer '11