WC pp. 106-118 - I. Archaic Greece (800-480 BCE) A. Archaic...

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I. Archaic Greece (800-480 BCE) A. Archaic Age Began 1. With emergence of polis and return of writing and literacy 2. Greek civilization had breathtaking dynamism and energy 3. Called the “Age of Experiment” B. Colonization and Panhellensim 1. Trading ventures and migrations throughout Aegean turned into colonization a. Each colony was independent foundation with no political obligations b. Founded several hundred new colonies from Black Sea to western Mediterranean c. Anatolia would be stronghold of Greek culture 2. Magna Graecia a. Greater Greece b. Italy and Sicily 3. Motives for colonization varied a. Trade colonies near sea b. Population growth 4. Colonial expansion caused contact with Egypt and Phoenicia a. Phoenician pottery brought new artistic motifs into mythology of Greeks b. Egypt influenced early Greek sculptures 5. Greeks took pride in athletic competitions a. Winners of events could become very famous: social or political power C. Hoplite Warfare 1. Aristocrats dominated political offices and priesthoods as well as economic life 2. Archaic Period brought aristocratic military dominance to end a. Hoplites were foot soldiers, armed with spears or short swords, breastplate, helmet, and sometimes wrist and leg guards b. Stood in formation called phalanx: required everyone to stay close together
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WC pp. 106-118 - I. Archaic Greece (800-480 BCE) A. Archaic...

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