Flowering of Traditional China Vocabulary - Social Studies Vocabulary Chapter 10 The Flowering of Traditional China 1 Gobi Desert one of the frontiers

Flowering of Traditional China Vocabulary - Social Studies...

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Social Studies Vocabulary: Chapter 10 The Flowering of Traditional China 1) Gobi Desert: one of the frontiers located on the northern border of China over which nomadic tribes penetrated and established their own rule over northern territories in China 2) Liu Lang: a Taoist poet who is known as one of the “seven sages of the bamboo forest” and engaged in odd behavior such as excessive alcohol consumption and other eccentric private actions 3) Sui Dynasty: the first unified dynasty since the collapse of the Han formed by Sui Wendi with the capital at Chang’an with Buddhism and Taoism, extensive authority through China, and credited with the construction of the Grand Canal 4) Yang Jian/Sui Wendi: a member of a respected aristocratic family in northern China who formed the Sui dynasty, adopted the name Sui Wendi, conquered vast amounts of land, and ordered the construction the Grand Canal 5) Sui Yangdi: the son of Sui Wendi who continued the process of the Grand Canal construction, used it as an imperial highway for inspection of his empire, was considered a tyrannical ruler, launched expensive military campaigns, and was assassinated in his palace 6) Grand Canal: a 1400-mile long waterway linking the Yellow and Yangtze rivers that facilitated shipments of grain and other commodities in a south-north fashion, helped quicker transfer of communication, and the rapid dispatch of troops 7) Xinjiang: the northwest border of China that was pacified, also called “new region” 8) Li Yuan: one of the generals under Sui Yangdi who seized power after the death of Sui Yangdi, established the Tang dynasty, ruled for a short period of time, and was later elbowed aside by Tang Taizong, his son 9) Tang Dynasty: a successful dynasty that lasted for three hundred years under which China experienced internal renewal, external expansion, establishment of tributary relations, and an explosion of Chinese culture 10) Li Shimin/Tang Taizong: the new ruler after Li Yuan who had a vigorous leadership and reinstated the glory of China, in of the greatest dynasties of China 11) Chang’an:

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