HISTORY 111A2 - Wednesday, October 31, 2007: The Persian...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Wednesday, October 31, 2007: The Persian Wars and Greek Identity Persians invaded Greece twice 490 BCE and 480 BCE o o Notions of “freedom” Self-governing polis Citizenship Law: laid out Eunomia (well-ordered state ruled by law), political slogan o Expansionist state, imperialists o Subject to Medes at one time o Cyrus helps set them free and becomes ruler Conquers Lydia Takes control of Greek city-states Conquers Babylon o Cambyses conquers Egypt Son of Cyrus Xerxes son of Darius (failed at Marathon) o Preparations for invasion of Greece was extensive o Bridging the Hellespont o Easily angered o Presumption Herodotus explains Greek depiction of the Persians o Collection of stories who were remembered o Xerxes is seen as a grand man with grand expectations o Whipping the Hellespont o Story of Pythius o Hybris o Xerxes pictured as bad tyrant Hubris: excessive pride Aspiring to more than a mortal should aspire to Assuming power that only should be to the gods Greek Depiction of the Greeks o Described by Persians o “Great Fighters” o Demaratus Dethroned Spartan king that describes Greeks Greek Response to Persian Invasion o League of 481 BCE Against Persians Not all states of Greece felt that they wanted to deal with Persians o Cooperation & Divisiveness o Questions of Strategy: Central Greece or Isthmus
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Disagreement of where to defend Greece against Persians From north or south o Co-ordination of Army and Navy: Thermopylae & Artemisium Greeks were well coordinated Led by Leonidas at Thermopylae The Battle of Thermopylae o Leonidas held ground for two days o Greeks betrayed by own who tells Xerxes how to attack o Greeks give up arms and leave o Leonidas and Spartans could not withdraw himself Leaving without order would be disobedient Got a great name after the battle for staying to fight with Spartans o Sacrifice in last battle Persians had to be forced into battle Spartans just did it fighting to the bitter end All Spartans and Thesbians die, Thebians surrender Battle of Salamis o Decisive victory for Greeks o Persians invasion started to die down Thursday, November 1, 2007: Athenian Democracy Parthenon as a Symbol o Ancient Greece o Sits on a big limestone o Principle sanctuary, one of many o Dedicated to Athena o 447-432 BCE A “Map” of Topics o Democracy Polis as citizens o Empire Disturbed Sparta o Peloponnesian War Last 27 years Empire was primary cause of war Drained energy of Greek states o Stasis (Civil Disorder) Affected men’s behavior o The Term o Demokratia Not positive term Coined by enemies, opponents, critics of Athenian system
Background image of page 2
Athenians tried to avoid term or use it apologetically o Rule of the Demos Rule of the common people Rule of the many
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Joshel during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

Page1 / 24

HISTORY 111A2 - Wednesday, October 31, 2007: The Persian...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online