WC Notes pp 13-27 - I The Development of Civilization A First shift from village to city happened in Sumer 1"Land Between the Rivers to the Greeks

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I. The Development of Civilization A. First shift from village to city happened in Sumer 1. “Land Between the Rivers” to the Greeks a. Tigris and Euphrates 1. can be very unpredictably so hard to irrigate 2. Land was very hard to live in a. high temperatures b. soil infertile and sandy B. Ubaid Culture 1. Moved into Sumerian desert around 5900 BCE 2. No known fact why they moved there 3. Irrigation a. sophisticated systems b. constructed dikes and levies to control the seasonal flooding of rivers and direct flow of water into canals 4. Temples a. built of dried mud brick b. priestly class acted as head of religious life and managers of economics of community C. Urbanism in the Uruk Period (4300-2900 BCE) 1. Temple Architecture a. White Temple at Uruk D. Uruk importance based on religious center 1. Population was increasing very quickly 2. Cities had a common language E. The Development of Writing 1. Clay tokens used for trade in region a. put all tokens inside a clay ball and wrote on it the transaction 2. Priestly class realized they could do away with it a. use flat clay tablets with symbols 3. Writing first used to keep record of economic transactions 4. Symbols were first just pictures 5. Writing started to evolve over time a. symbol to represent a physical object and idea associated with it 6. Cuneiform a. replaced the pointed stick b. looked like a wedge
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Joshel during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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WC Notes pp 13-27 - I The Development of Civilization A First shift from village to city happened in Sumer 1"Land Between the Rivers to the Greeks

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