WC Notes pp. 27-31 - I. The Old Babylonian Empire A....

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I. The Old Babylonian Empire A. Hammurabi became ruler of Babylon 1. Young Amorite ruler 2. Came to power when Babylon was fragile 3. Environment for empire was great a. Between the Tigris and Euphrates b. Great potential economic and military significance 4. Power should not based on brute force 5. Consolidated his kingdom to city-states 6. Fell on depleted and weary neighbors a. Did this by first being nice to them by giving them resources B. Great Deal of Political Integration 1. Realm stretched from Persian Gulf to Assyria 2. Southern half was known as Babylonia (previously Sumer/Akkad) a. Unified these territories by having Marduk to be ruler-god of empire, sat on the top of the pantheon b. Hammurabi still made sure to pay homage to the ancient gods of Sumer and Akkad C. Religion and Law 1. Hammurabi used Marduk’s supremacy over all the gods to fortify his own rule a. Became the first Near Eastern ruler to launch wars of aggression b/ c Marduk said to 2. Political power and religious practice were closely related
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Joshel during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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WC Notes pp. 27-31 - I. The Old Babylonian Empire A....

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