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WC pp. 64-71, pp. 102-106 - I Aegean Civilization Minoans...

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I. Aegean Civilization: Minoans and Mycenaeans A. Trojan War, Theseus and the Minotaur, and Odysseus 1. Thought of as myths that reflected Greek imagination 2. Hienrich Schliemann, archaeologist, became convinced myths were true historical accounts a. Found citadels from Trojan War 3. Sir Arthur Evans found palace at Knossos on island of Crete B. The Minoan Thalassocracy 1. Minoan civilization flourished from 1900 to 1500 BCE a. Around time of Middle Kingdom Egypt and Hittite Old Kingdom b. Culture had developed a high degree of material and architectural sophistication c. Sometimes referred to as the Palace Age d. Production center for textiles, pottery, and metalwork 2. Minoan success depended on overseas trade a. Exchanged exotic goods w/ Egypt, southwest Anatolia, Cyprus b. Minoan-style paintings 3. Minoan life very peaceful 4. Minoans trade network suggested that they had a powerful navy 5. Human sacrifice was part of religious life 6. Written language a. Sir Arthur Evans called it Linear A 7. Mainland Greeks were famous as mercenaries 8.
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