THE STUDY OF SOUTH AFRICA: Introduction: - South Africa (SA) is one of the world’s youngest democracies - During the 2 nd half of the 20 th century, its white minority government systematically built a powerful, militarized state around institutions of racial oppression o The discovery of minerals enabled the development of an industrial economy, which thrust Africans and the descendants of European settlers into close contact the country’s burgeoning urban areas - Political conflicts thus erupted between blacks, who provided labor, and whites, who benefited from economic growth o Because the old regime was dead set against political change until the late 1980s, the struggle over apartheid (racial segregation) seemed destined to end in a cataclysm of violence - A bloodbath eventually appeared: political leaders from both sides, especially Nelson Mandela, president of the African National Congress came to recognize that the long-term interests of South Africa’s deeply divided communities were inextricably intertwined o The country hold an open election and installed the first democratic government in 1994
Questions:-So South Africans from different social backgrounds acknowledge their interdependence? -Can the government redistribute wealth to blacks without inducing white flight? -Does the government have the capacity to deliver the benefits promised in SA’s expansive new constitution?
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- Spring '08
- Government, African People, African National Congress