WC pp. 71-79, pp. 89-94

WC pp. 71-79, pp. 89-94 - I. The Small-Scale States of the...

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I. The Small-Scale States of the Early Iron Age A. Geopolitical map of Near East changed after destruction of Bronze Age 1. Indo-European realms emerged where Hittite empire collapsed B. The Phoenicians 1. Were Canaanites who spoke a Semitic language a. Related to Ugaritic, Hebrew, Amorite, and other West Semitic dialects 2. Cities all independent of one another a. Each city lived under own royal government b. Overseas colonies, new governments emerged in which power was shared among the elite families 3. Most cities had been controlled by Egyptians during Bronze Age a. Gubla (city) had been center of trade under Egyptian rule for papyrus which continued on through to the Iron Age 4. Expert metalworkers, ivory carvers, shipbuilders C. Phoenician Cities 1. Oriented near the sea 2. Phoenicians known as merchants and seafarers a. Planted trade colonies across Mediterranean b. Went as far as Brittany and Cornwall D. Cultural Influence 1. Phoenicians influenced cultures across Mediterranean 2. Overseas partners were the Greeks a. Reintroduced urban life into Greek world after collapse of Mycenaean citadels b. Most important contribution was alphabet 3. Phoenician writing system a. 22 character, all representing consonants, vowel sounds had to be inferred from context b. Helped facilitate trade and accounting E. The Philistines 1. South of Phoenicia a. Settled, urbanized, and quickly gained the upper hand over their pastoralist neighbors 2. Descendants of Peleset 3. Bad reputation, villains of Hebrews 4. Had powerful armies that dominated region 5. Established a monopoly over metalsmithing in the southern Levant 6. Philistine power based on: Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, Gath a. Citadels that sought to dominate the countryside and major trade
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Joshel during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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WC pp. 71-79, pp. 89-94 - I. The Small-Scale States of the...

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