Bible_questions_Chapter_3 - Pentateuch is the important of...

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Chapter 3: Question 1- What is the derivation and meaning of “Pentateuch”? What Hebrew term is used for these books and what is its meaning? The term “Pentateuch” refers to the first five books of the Bible (from Greek pente, five, and teuchos, scroll) (p.64). The Jewish designation for these books is the Hebrew word “Torah.” Though we usually translate this word “law,” it means much more. It comes from the word for “teach” and is better understood as “instruction.” “Torah” is thus an appropriate tag for these first five books of the Bible, because they contain instructions for life (64). Chapter 3: Question 5- What are the overarching themes of the Pentateuch? The Pentateuch begins by emphasizing God’s sovereignty. A second dominant, overarching theme of the
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Unformatted text preview: Pentateuch is the important of history. A third important theme of the Pentateuch is its systematic appraisal of the condition of humanity. The forth principal theme of the Pentateuch is salvation (p.66, p.67). Chapter 3: Question 6- What is the evidence for Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch? What name is given to the alternative approach and who was its principal advocate? There two clear references to Moses as the author of Exodus 20-23, which is known as the “Book of the Covenant” (Ex 24:4, 7). The text also claims Moses wrote the Ten Commandments at the Lord’s direction (Ex 34:17) (p.68). This approach is known as source criticism. This theory is frequently known as the Documentary Hypothesis and its most pervasive protagonist was JULIUS WELLHAUSEN (p.68)....
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