Unformatted text preview: Chapter 3: Question 1- What is the derivation and meaning of Pentateuch? What Hebrew
term is used for these books and what is its meaning? The term Pentateuch refers to the
first five books of the Bible (from Greek pente, five, and teuchos, scroll) (p.64). The Jewish
designation for these books is the Hebrew word Torah. Though we usually translate this
word law, it means much more. It comes from the word for teach and is better understood
as instruction. Torah is thus an appropriate tag for these first five books of the Bible,
because they contain instructions for life (64).
Chapter 3: Question 5- What are the overarching themes of the Pentateuch? The Pentateuch
begins by emphasizing Gods sovereignty. A second dominant, overarching theme of the
Pentateuch is the important of history. A third important theme of the Pentateuch is its
systematic appraisal of the condition of humanity. The forth principal theme of the
Pentateuch is salvation (p.66, p.67).
Chapter 3: Question 6- What is the evidence for Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch? What
name is given to the alternative approach and who was its principal advocate? There two
clear references to Moses as the author of Exodus 20-23, which is known as the Book of the
Covenant (Ex 24:4, 7). The text also claims Moses wrote the Ten Commandments at the
Lords direction (Ex 34:17) (p.68). This approach is known as source criticism. This theory is
frequently known as the Documentary Hypothesis and its most pervasive protagonist was
JULIUS WELLHAUSEN (p.68).
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