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Sociology Prof. Arum Rec. #Memo # 2Traditional societies, Durkheim argued, are held together by mechanical solidarity, a form of social cohesion that is based on the similarity of the members (Durkheim 209). Because these societies are small and because everyone does basically the same work, the members all are socialized within the same pattern, share the same experiences and in the end hold common values. These values are generally religious and form a “collective consciousness” for the community, a set of norms, beliefs, and assumptions shared by one and all. As a result, there is a miniscule amount of individuality because people generally tend to think of themselves of primarily of the groups they are a part of in a sense of loyal association. On the other hand, modern societies, like the United States, are held together by organic solidarity. This is a form of social interconnection based on the differences among the members which in turn make them interdependent (Durkheim 211). The people in these modern societies