essay 2 - Matthew O'Donnell Monday, November 19, 2007...

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Matthew O’Donnell Monday, November 19, 2007 Comparative Politics The Development of the Third World In order to understand the “Third World” condition, one must realize the effects of colonization. The colonized countries were exploited by European countries and there so called “nations” were divided and not unified. The state was very weak because the colonizers of Europe had controlled everything. European countries had already industrialized and needed the raw materials to use in the factories. The best way to do this was to colonize other areas of the world and just have raw material come from somewhere else cheap. The third world countries were exploited for natural resources to provide the European countries with raw material and resources. This became a problem, because during this exploitation, the colonies had no infrastructure in place and were not able to manufacture products themselves; after they gained their independence. As soon as the European countries left the colonies, the colonies had no means of running itself. The misdevelopment of these colonies meant that the state was very weak, not able to control its “nation” because of arbitrary borders Europeans had enforced. The colonies also developed these megacities. These cities were very unsanitary, over populated, and had all resources centralized in them. This wasn’t taken advantage of the nation’s potential. In order to do so, unfortunately a strong state must be present to guide the nation’s development. Third world countries faced the problem of a weak state, divided nation, and little development; overcoming these problems started with a strong state and then developing the country’s infrastructure so that it was able to manufacture goods. The European colonizers exploited their colonies just to gather as much raw material as possible. European colonization was an economical enterprise. The importance of colonies, of
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Britain, France, Italy, European colonies etc., was raw materials and resources. Colonizing became an opportunity to gain access to exotic resources and opportunities to have other nations export raw materials for industries in the Europe. It became a very profitable concept. Many nations then explored to find more land for colonization. The European nations were able to colonize a large amount of land. Europe primarily expanded to Asia and Africa. There existed two different categories for European colonies. There were colonies such as Egypt and Turkey that were able to resist complete domination, while other colonies fell to European power. The Europeans began fighting for possession for these colonies, example of these struggles were China and Africa. These areas of the world were constantly competed for by Europeans. Eventually Africa was carved up at the Berlin Conference of 1884.
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essay 2 - Matthew O'Donnell Monday, November 19, 2007...

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