HIS-144 america_at_war worksheet .docx - AMERICA AT WAR...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

AMERICA AT WARName: Esther HerDirections:Provide a 200-300 word response for each prompt. In addition to the Topic 7 readings (including your textbook),be sure to cite relevant scholarly sources provided on the Topic Powerpoints or the GCU Library. What were the causes of the war? What attempts were made beforehand to prevent war? One of the principal causes of the civil war between the northern and southern states of America was the debate over the future of slavery. Slavery was a deep political, religious, economic, and moral challenge that the states ever faced. Between 1815 and 1861, the northern states were experiencing rapid economic diversification and modernization. The north invested in transportation systems, bankingand insurance, and communication networks featuring newspapers and telegraphs among others. Conversely, as drivers of the economy, southern states focused on plantations for commercial products such as cotton which depended on slaves as the chief source of labor. Therefore, rather than industrialization like in the north, the southerners invested in slavery. The value of cotton and slaves increased commensurately. The application by Missouri for statehood as a slave state, fierce disagreements ensued between supporters and opponents of slavery concerning the expansion of the slavery business (Weber, 2020). Fueled by a sense of morality, the Northerners believed that slavery needed to be abolished while the southerners saw limiting the expansion of slavery as a threat to their economy and political power. Another contributor to the civil war was the fight between the individual states and the federal government over political power. The southern states were afraid of the federal government’s interference or abolishment of slavery, which further widened the division between the two regions (Historynet, 2020). The publishing of the novel ‘Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ drove a wave of antislavery sentiments fueling the tension around the slavery topic. The helping of runaway saves by abolitionists using an underground railroad contributed to the war.The Abraham Lincoln’s election, given that he was a candidate of the republican party which was explicitly anti-slavery sparked more tension leading to the secession of seven Southern states from the union. The states formed the confederate states of America amid objections from the Northern states. These states believed that Lincoln would deny them the right to own slaves. In 1861, the confederate began seizing federal buildings including the United States’ Fort Sumter in Charleston leading to an outbreak of war.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture