Value and Virtue Theories“Theories of Quality and Virtue”Learning objectivesKnowledge:Understand the definition of virtue: desirable human qualities Understand the definition of vice: undesirable human qualitiesUnderstand virtue theoryUnderstand the doctrine of the mean in virtue theoryUnderstand the method of judgement in virtue theoryUnderstand the difference between virtue theory and utilitarianism and deontologyUnderstand the strengths and weaknesses of virtue theorySkills:Apply virtue theoryCritical thinking skillsValues and Attitudes:ProfessionalismThe golden meanMercy and MindfulnessThe Seven Values Important notes: 1. This learning resource is prepared for teachers of Senior Secondary Ethics and Religious Studies. Teachers are expected to make adaptation and enrichment according to the needs of theirstudents. Moreover, after each learning activities, teachers should provide debriefing to students for their development of positive values and integrative application of generic skills. 2. The ERS curriculum is for S4-S6 SS students. This learning resource uses plain language as far as possible to explain theories of ethics, which, in some cases, are simplified to suit the learning needs of the students. 3. Cases, stories, movie plots, and classic moral dilemmas are included for the purpose of students’ reflection in the learning process. To illustrate moral dilemmas, some viewpoints in thismaterial may seem exaggerated and critical. Teachers should always remind their students of the difference between these viewpoints and the reality in the present world. Judging the past with contemporary standard is not the intended perspective, rather, students should be guided to make contrast and holistic understanding of the relationship between these practices and their historic, cultural and social contexts.4. The discussion questions, key points and knowledge content of the learning resource are suggestion in nature. Learning and teaching should not be limited to these suggestions. Teacher should use them flexibly for ongoing development of school-based resource according to the learning objectives of the curriculum.Suggested teaching period: 5 lessons1
Teacher shall prepare:Introductory Activity: Pick up the money on the ground; Making donation for relief workKnowledge Content of the Subject (1): Virtue Theory and QualityKnowledge Content of the Subject (2): Making Judgement in Virtue Theory Knowledge Content of the Subject (3): Comparison of Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and DeontologyKnowledge Content of the Subject (4): Strengths and Weaknesses of Virtue Theory Worksheet (1): Virtues of the Professionals Worksheet (2): The Doctrine of the MeanWorksheet (3): Buddhist VirtuesWorksheet (4): Seven Deadly SinsCase Study (1): Thinking with Virtue Theory in Daily LifeCase Study (2): Mr Ho’s CorneaTeaching process:1.Teacher discusses “Introductory Activity: Picking up a banknote from the ground; Making donation for relief work” with the students.