Holland’s Theory and CareerChoiceThe Career Key is based on John Holland's theory of vocational choice. At its simplest, this theoryproposesthat "Birds of the same feather flock together." In other words, people like to be around others who havesimilar personalities. In choosing a career, it means that people choose jobs where they can be aroundotherpeople who are like them.It is the best known and most widely researched theory on this topic. It is used by many career counselors.Understanding it will help you make sense of your Career Key scores and how they are related to careerchoice. This discussion is divided into three sections: Section A describes Holland’s theory, section B theSix personality types in the theory, and section C the six environment types.A. Summary of Holland's TheoryHolland's theory can be summarized in 6 statements:1.In our culture, most people are one of six personality types: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social,Enterprising, and Conventional. See Section B on page 3 for a description of each type.2.People of the same personality tend to "flock together." For example, Artistic people are attracted tomaking friends and working with Artistic people.3.People of the same personality type working together in a job create a work environment that fitstheir type. For example, when Artistic persons are together on a job, they create a work environmentthat rewards creative thinking and behavior -- an Artistic environment.4.There are six basic types of work environments: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social,Enterprising, and Conventional. See Section C for a description of each.5.People who choose to work in an environment similar to their personality type are more likely to besatisfied and successful:_Your personality type:RealisticInvestigativeArtisticEnterprisingConventionalCompatible workenvironment:RealisticInvestigativeArtisticEnterprisingConventional
Your Career_For example, Artistic persons are more likely to be successful and satisfied if they choose a job thathas an Artistic environment, like choosing to be a dance teacher in a dancing school -- an environment"dominated" by Artistic type people where creative abilities and expression are highly valued.6.How you act and feel at work depends to a large extent on your workplace environment. If you areworking with people who have a personality type like yours, you will be able to do many of thethings they can do, and you will feel most comfortable with them. How is this related to the scoresyou receive on the Career Key?