ENST150_Lecture 7_Slides

Iraq usedallavailablechemicalagentsagainstiraninthe

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Unformatted text preview: Deliberate Environmental Warfare (targe8ng the enemy’s environment broadly and not just his popula8on and possessions) “Sal8ng the Earth” – Apocryphal: It is incorrectly stated that the Roman Empire salted the fields of enemy Carthage so no crops would grow. It is true that in European history smaller tracts were some8mes salted to punish families for treason or other great crimes. Deliberate Environmental Warfare (targe8ng the enemy’s environment broadly and not just his popula8on and possessions) Use of herbicides to destroy vegeta8on. US military sprayed 77 million liters of chemical defoliants onto Vietnam between 1962 and 1971 to remove jungle cover from communist soldiers. Impuri8es in Agent Orange caused many human illnesses and deaths. Deliberate Environmental Warfare (targe8ng the enemy’s environment broadly and not just his popula8on and possessions) Chemical Warfare Agents. Chlorine, phosgene and other very noxious chemicals were widely used by most combatants in World War I. During WW II Japan used chemical warfare against Chinese but not western troops. More lethal agents including toxic nerve agents developed aoer the war. Iraq used all available chemical agents against Iran in the 1980‐1988 war and against their own Kurds in 1988. These agents kill most animals and can persist in the environment. Deliberate Environmental Warfare (targe8ng the enemy’s environment broadly and not just his popula8on and possessions) Biological Weapons – These were important as fortuitous weapons in the destruc8on of Mesoamerican groups (Aztecs, Mayans, etc...
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2012 for the course ENST 150xg at USC.

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