law ch 14

law ch 14 - Chapter 14 Employment and Labor Laws Government...

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Chapter 14 Employment and Labor Laws
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Government Employee Policy Initiatives Union-Management Relationship ch 14 Employment Discrimination ch 15
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Fair Labor Standards Act Restrictions On Child Labor Minimum Hourly Wage - $5.15/hr (1997) Maximum Number Of Hours Before Overtime Owed >40 hours/week get overtime (1.5 regular rates) Time off (comp time) May be superceded by contract
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Retirement Plans Retirement Plans Employee Retirement Income Security Act Guarantees expectations of retirement plan participants— protects benefits after reasonable length of employment Protects workers in case of closing--will still get their benefits Big issue now due to collapse of some major firms – employees retirements tied up in company stock
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Employment-At-Will Employers can hire and fire who they want; employees work-at-will and may quit when they want Contractual limits to at-will Implied Promise Of Good Faith by ERs Public Policy Exceptions: Prohibited Refused to violate laws Discharge of public obligation (jury duty) Discharge for whistle-blowing Discharge for exercising legal rights (filing for workers compensation)
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Employment Handbooks and Manuals May be interpreted as creating express or implied presumption of employment at will
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Workers’ Privacy Personnel Files Employee Access Restrict 3 rd Party Access Private Employers Restricted On Lie Detector For Applicant Screening Some States Limit Drug Testing – no uniform law
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Substance Abuse In The Workplace Alcohol the worst 13.6% of all adults have experienced alcohol addiction or abuse in their lives 8% of workers are alcoholics 5 – 10% of adults involved in abuse of illegal drugs or improperly dispensed drugs 1 in 6 of workers have substance abuse problem
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Consequences of Substance Abuse Reduced productivity and higher insurance expenses cost employers over $100 billion per year Safety Issues ~ workers under influence of alcohol or other drugs are 3.6 time more likely to be injured or to injure another Insurance Costs are about double for families with an alcoholic Exxon Valdez Case—1989 oil spill off coast of Alaska Billions of dollars in clean-up costs and losses to the environment (and Exxon’s reputation)
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Drug-Free Workplace Act Requires all companies of more than $25,000 worth of business with the federal government to certify they have “drug-free” workplace: Published policy statement Establish drug awareness program Make known availability of program Require employees to notify employers of any drug related convictions
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law ch 14 - Chapter 14 Employment and Labor Laws Government...

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