Torts-Attack-Outline.docx - Torts Attack Outline u2013...

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Torts Attack Outline – Andrew Gelbman Prof. E. Tenenbaum (Fall 2016)I. Intentional Torts:“ABCFIT”. Elements: 1) volition; 2) intent, 3) causation, 4) harm, 5) no privilege/defenseAssault: Intentional act, which causes π to experience reasonable apprehension, of an immediate H/O contact.-contact not req. Battery: Intentional harmful or offensive contact. Sufficient to contact something close to π- π need not be aware of contact.Conversion: destruction/serious & substantial interference w/ Π’s chattel.-Mistake no defense.-Damages: FMV or ReplevinFalse Imprisonment: Intentional act, that causes Π to be confined or restrained, to bounded area, against Π’s will, w/ knowledge ofconfinement, or injury.-Physically confining, failure to release; or invalid assertion of legal authority.-Brief confinement will suffice.IIED: Extreme/outrageous conduct that causes Π severe emotional distress.-Intent/Recklessness (high degree of probability)-Language notoutrageous except for innkeepers & common carriers.-Third Party: Π is immediate family member, & Δ aware of presence; or any other πwhere distress results in bodily harm.Trespass (Land): Volitional Act-Physical Invasion of Δ’s land.-intent irrelevant -Actual or Immediate Possession.-Invasion when Πinduces third party or object to enter land.-Includes areas above & below land.-Nominal Damages if no injury; Punitive Damages if willfulor malicious.-Ejectment: action to recover possession.-Mense Damages: for loss of use.Trespass (Chattels): Volitional Act by Δ that interferes w/ Π’s chattel causing harm.-Mistake no defense.-Dispossession: direct interferencew/possession-Intermeddling: Does not directly affect possession.-Actual possession or right to immediate possession required.-ACTUALDAMAGES REQUIRED (i.e. loss of use, cost of remedy).Defenses “DARNCOPS”: Disciplineparental discipline of minors, Authority Lawful Arrest, Shopkeepers Privilege, Public Interest, orEssential Function, Recapture/Reentry, Necessityto prevent substantially greater harm to public, himself or property. Public; no liability,Private; liability for damage, ConsentExpress or Implied, Emergency Action or Reasonable Person (Defenses to Consent: Mistake & ΔAware, Δ’s Fraud, Duress, Incapacity, Violation of Criminal Statute).-, Others (defense of) Force necessary to avoid harm, reasonablebelief, Property (defense of)Reasonable to Prevent Harm, Never DeadlySelf-defense Force necessary to avoid harm, reasonable beliefII. Negligence:Elements: 1) Duty, 2) Standard of Care, 3) Breach, 4) Cause in Fact & Proximate Cause, 5) Harm, 6) DamagesDuty: Obligation to conform to standard of conduct to protect others from unreasonable risk.-Duty owed to foreseeable πs..-Nonfeasence:Failure to do something. Usually no affirmative duty to aid in rescue exceptif Δ caused risk to π. (e.g. hit and run. – Δ must aid π, If Δ startsfire, Δ must call for aid); Δ in special relationship with π, some obligation; if Δ offers aid, and fails or puts π in worse position, Δ has

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