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Unformatted text preview: tends to have a sweet taste). As a result, although
most heavy metal poisons are not particularly toxic, the effects of heavy metal poisoning are
typically only seen long-term, and can include uncontrolled trembling, insanity and death. The
only way to combat these effects is through minimization of exposure to heavy metal poisoning.
Mercury poses a particular hazard as vapors from the liquid accumulate in a room and quickly
are at dangerous concentrations in the air. As a result, report ANY spills of mercury, as, for
example, from a broken thermometer, as quickly as possible so it can be cleaned up immediately.
Never heat a piece of glassware (beakers, flasks, etc.) that is chipped or cracked unless
otherwise told to do so by your lab supervisor. Heating defective glassware can cause that
glassware to break (or explode!), resulting in a spill.
If you have chipped or cracked glassware, or glassware with sharp or jagged edges,
inform your lab supervisor immediately. The equipment will probably be replaced, or you may
simply be given special instructions on using that bit of equipment.
Epilepsy, pregnancy, dyslexia as well as other medical conditions can be hazardous in the
laboratory. Every effort will be made to keep you safe, but I will need some help. IF YOU
HAVE ANY MEDICAL CONDITION WHICH YOU THINK MAY ADVERSELY AFFECT YOUR
ABILITY TO SAFELY PERFORM IN THE LABORATORY, OR THAT MAKES YOU
Dakota State University Page 12 of 232 Safety Guidelines General Chemistry I and II Lab Manual PARTICULARLY AT RISK TO BE IN THE LABORATORY, PLEASE INFORM ME AS SOON
AS POSSIBLE! Many such conditions may be deemed personal, but the chemicals themselves
cannot tell the difference. Therefore, please feel free to stop in my office as soon as possible so
you can to tell me in private, and, of course, anything yo u do tell me will be kept in the strictest
To turn on a Bunsen burner, first turn the nozzle on the bottom of the burner all the way
off, then turn it back on about 2 turns. With a LIT MATCH in one hand, slowly turn on the gas
at the spigot. Hold the match near the edge of the burner as you do so the air being pushed out
by the propane does not blow it out. Such a procedure will avoid "explosions" when lighting the
Before using a burner, be sure nobody else on the bench has any organic solvents.
Organic solvents are flammable, and heavier than air, meaning that as they evaporate, they creep
down the edge of their container to the bench top, whereupon they spread out horizontally. Once
these fumes reach an open flame, they can ignite causing "flashback", thereby causing the beaker
of solvent to catch fire from four feet or more away!
Before getting any organic solvent, be sure nobody on your entire lab bench has an open
Never take more of a reagent than you need. This means that if you need about 5 mL of a
solvent, use your 10 mL beaker to get it, NOT your 600 mL beaker.
NEVER return an unused po...
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