Midterm_Exam_Identified_HIS101.docx - Alexander the...

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Alexander the Great : (356-323 BCE) The Macedonian king whose conquest of the Persian Empire led to the greatly increased cultural interactions of Greece and the Middle East in the Hellenistic Age.-- was the greatest conqueror of the ancient world. He took over from his father, Philip II, rule of a sermi-Hellenized kingdom, when Philp was assassinated in 336 BCE Philp had been an ambitious commander and seems to have had designs on conquering Greece from early on, he also pushed northward into the central Balkans The strength of the Macedonian forces owed much to the extensive gold mines discovered m the Pangaion Hills in the southern Balkans, which enabled Philip and Alexander to raise, tran, and equp an exceptionally effective army In 347 BCE, when he was ready to make his attempt on Greece. Philip reportedly sent a herald to Sparta with a warning "IFI win this war you will be my slaves forever." According to the legend, the Spartans sent back a terse one- word reply "If" Phillip never made it to Sparta or Athens, but he did advance as far as Thebes and Corinth before being murdered by one of his bodyguard by 334 BCE, two years after Philip's death, Alexander was firmly in control of all Greece and had already determined to advance eastward against the Persian Empire. And that was just the start Augustus : (100-44 BCE) The Roman general who conquered the Gauls, invaded Britain, and expanded Rome’s territory in Anatolia. He became the dictator of Rome in 46 BCE. His assassination led to the rise of his grandnephew and adopted son, Gaius QQQ Title given to Octavian after his defeat of the navy of Mark Antony in 31 B.C.E.; the creator and first emperor of the Roman empire. Epictetus. Anatolian slave who became a prominent Stoic philosopher. Lectured to large audiences that included high Roman officials and perhaps even emperors; 1st century C.E. --- The first empreror of Rome, the adopted son of Julius Caesar, help Rome come into Pax Romana, or the Age of Roman Peace. Plato. ancient Athenian philosopher.--- Cuneiform : Technique of writing developed in Mesopotamia whereby wedge-shaped marks were impressed in clay tablets. QQQ cuneiform. A system of writing originating in Mesopotamia in which a wedge-shaped stylus was used to press symbols into clay. Written language of the Sumerians, probably the first written script in the world. Cyrus the Great : the leader of one such tribe—began to defeat nearby kingdoms, including Media, Lydia and Babylon, joining them under one rule. He founded the first Persian Empire, also known as the Achaemenid Empire, in 550 B.C. The first Persian Empire under Cyrus the Great soon became the world's first superpower.(d. 530 BCE), was the fourth king of Anshan and the first king of the Achaemenid Empire . Cyrus led several military campaigns against the most powerful kingdoms of the time, including Media, Lydia , and Babylonia . Through these campaigns, he united

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