TERMS_(2) - SOCIOLOGY SECOND HALF TERMS Demography-study of...

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SOCIOLOGY SECOND HALF TERMS Demography—study of population Sex ratio: number of males for 100 females in a population o Alaska has most males o Washington D.C. has most females Birth Rate: number of babies born in year for 1000 members in population Death Rate: number of babies born in year for 1000 members in population Rate of Natural Increase: birth rate minus death rate Fertility Rate: Number of children that each woman who has completed child bearing years has had Death rate for American service members is lower than civilian society Infant mortality rate—how many 1 year and under children die per 1000 people o Best measure of health of society o States tied for lowest rate: Colorado and Wyoming o State with highest: Washington D.C. Suicide rate o White male is 3x more likely than black male to commit suicide o White male is 4.5x more likely to commit suicide than white woman o Male blacks 6x more likely than female blacks Demographic transition theory o Stage one: high birth rate and high death rate Hunting gathering societies o Stage two: high birth and low death
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Industrialization Health care/Good medical care Africa o Stage three: birth rate low and death rate very low Western Europe USA o Stage four: lower birth rate than death rate Europe moving towards this Benedict’s Cultures of 3 pre-literate societies o Pueblos (Indians)—society of agreeable cooperation, no one sought to stand out, did not get excited o Dobus—society near South Pacific, did not trust other people, emphasis on private property, o Kwakiutls—Vancouver Canada, society of individuals, conspicuous consumption, show off what you have Celebration called Potlatch , burning own objects showed off your wealth Reisman’s 3 types of societies o Tradition Direction High birth high death Do things the way they’ve always been done, grow up like same sex parent One feels shamed when violating norms o Inner Direction High birth low death
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Do things because they’ve been taught to live up to ideals, be individualist Guilt when deviant o Other Direction Low birth low death Do things because what’s everyone else doing, be a conformist, pressure from peer group Anxious when deviant Medium Media o Oral, Print, Electronic Cool Media vs. Hot Media o Unstructured communication (print) vs. Structured communication (internet, TV) McLuhan’s Stages of society o Oral No print, people talk o Pictographs Hieroglyphics, symbols that represent words o Alphabet Symbols mean sounds o Print o Electronic Urban life has become American life o 75% of people live in cities
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o Standard Metropolitan Areas —a city of at least 50,000 and everyone who lives adjacent to it o Only 2% engage in farming o Less than 20% of Americans live in small town less than 5,000
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TERMS_(2) - SOCIOLOGY SECOND HALF TERMS Demography-study of...

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