Mid-Term People

Mid-Term People - Herbert Spencer- Grand theorist: Social...

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Herbert Spencer - Grand theorist: Social Darwinist Arnold Toynbee - earth peak decline death P. Sorokin - society oscillates in cycles, between sensate (pleasure seeking) and ideational Erasmus - first courtesy guide M. Weber - “protestant ethic” postponing present pleasure for future gain, 3 types of social organizations: 1) Traditional- follow “how its always been done” 2) Charasmatic- follow leader 3) Legal Rational- follow rules, laws R. Benedict - “Sword and Chrysanthemum”: Japanese behave according to social group (subordinate or superior), National culture: different nationalities have different cultures/ personalities C.H. Cooley - “looking glass self”: we are how others perceive us. Can you be a true human without human contact? S. Freud - ID (biological urges), Superego (norms of society, culture), Ego- outcome of struggle between ID and Superego, “penis envy”, Oedipal/Electra Complex, Oral, Anal and Genital Stages N. Chodorow - Freud has patriarchal, misogynistic view, Freud’s theory only applies to
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Mid-Term People - Herbert Spencer- Grand theorist: Social...

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