M01_MARI6128_10_SE_CH01 - M01_MARI6128_10_SE_CH01.QXD 8:10 PM Page 1 E X E R C I S E 1 The Language of Anatomy MATERIALS OBJECTIVES 1 To describe the

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1 1 E X E R C I S E # 102382 C P B j i C i /CA/SF A M i b/Mi h ll/S IIi P N 1 C / M / Y /K DESIGN SERVICES OF O B J E C T I V E S 1. To describe the anatomical position verbally or by demonstration, and to explain its importance. 2. To use proper anatomical terminology to describe body directions, planes, and surfaces. 3. To name the body cavities and indicate the important organs in each. The Language of Anatomy M A T E R I A L S Human torso model (dissectible) Human skeleton Demonstration: sectioned and labeled kidneys [three separate kidneys uncut or cut so that (a) entire, (b) transverse sectional, and (c) longitudinal sectional views are visible] Gelatin-spaghetti molds Scalpel Most of us are naturally curious about our bodies. This fact is amplydemonstrated by infants, who are fascinated with their own waving handsor their mother’s nose. Unlike the infant, however, the student of anatomymust learn to observe and identify the dissectible body structures formally.When beginning the study of any science, the student is often initially over-come by jargon unique to the subject. The study of anatomy is no exception. Butwithout this specialized terminology, confusion is inevitable. For example, whatdo over, on top of, superficial to, above,and behindmean in reference to the hu-man body? Anatomists have an accepted set of reference terms that are univer- P R E - L A B Q U I Z 1.Circle True or False. In anatomical position, the body is recumbent (lyingdown).2.Circle the correct term. With regard to surface anatomy, abdominal/axialrefers to the division relating to the head, neck, and trunk ofthe body.3.The term superficialrefers to a structure that is: 4.The ___________plane runs longitudinally and divides the body intoright and left parts.
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