WK2AssgnPohlmanK.docx - Worksheet Dissecting a Theory and...

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Worksheet: Dissecting a Theory and Its Application to a Case Study Most theories can be dissected and analyzed. All theories will tell you something about their focus or unit of analysis. A theory will identify its major or key concepts. It will also point to the definition of the problem and its cause. This then guides how the social worker assesses and intervenes, because the theory will also articulate the role of the social worker and how change occurs. Basic Assumptions of the Theory Directions: For each section, respond in 2 to 3 sentences to the following prompts. Where relevant, provide citations to support your claims. Name of theory Ecological Theory Name of theorist Urie Bronfenbrenner What are the major assumptions of the theory? The main idea is that people are influenced by the daily interaction of various systems in their lives which he refers to as the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, and macrosystem (Turner, 2017). Components of these various systems includes a person’s community, family and friends, school, and culture. In regards to youth, the systems theory looks at how the child’s personal qualities and environment interact and thus impact the growth and develop of the child (Bronfenbrenner, 1994). What are theory’s key concepts? The key concepts of this theory include the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, and macrosystem interaction in a person’s life. According to Bronfenbrenner (1994), the microsystem is the immediate environment which includes activities, social roles and interpersonal relationships of the person. The mesosystem is the interaction between two or more settings in the person’s life like the interaction between home and school. The exosystem is a part of the person’s life that indirectly influences them, and according to Bronfenbrenner, for a child it would be the relationship between home and a parent’s workplace. While the macrosystem is considered to be embedded in each system, and this would include a person’s culture, belief system, given knowledge, etc (Bronfenbrenner, 1994, pp. 5-6). What is the theory’s focus or unit of analysis? Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory focuses on the interaction between all the various systems in a person’s life and how each are continually changing and influencing each other throughout the lifespan of a person. The

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