LADHSSA ASSIGNMENT 1Unique number: 682401 MARCH 9, 2020 ANDREAS JACOBUS VAN TONDER 56158009
Andreas Jacobus van Tonder 56158009 Question 1 Historical evidence and sources: Evidence and sources are not the same. Sources can be used as evidence should they answer a question in an investigation or research. Sources can be things like artefacts, books, tape recordings, videos. They can be written or oral sources; where a witness gives their account of the events. “There are more sources about the recent past (World War II) than about the distant past (The San people).” (TL 501: 125). According to this statement sources get lost, are stolen or burned or even damaged over time to the extent where it is no longer useful. This can be either because of aging or it can be because it suits some people that these sources will never be revealed. For example: governments do not want their followers to know their flaws, so most of what can make them look bad are hidden or destroyed. Another example is one from Ancient Egypt, where the tomb robbers robbed all but one Egyptian Pharaoh tomb, The tomb of Tutankhamen. To this day we are all very familiar with Tutankhamen, having learned about him in school but we know very little about the other Pharaohs. (TL501:125)
Andreas Jacobus van Tonder 56158009 Primary and Secondary sources: A primary source is something which was produced at the time the event happened in history. In the past only written sources were approved as sources but these days oral, physical things like artefacts and so on can be used as sources. Primary sources can include things like a journal that was written during a war or a period of time. “They can be in the form of an illustration such as a painting, engraving, map or photograph.” (TL501 : 126) It can also be a piece of a building and can be found on the sites where these historical events happened. Once they are found, they are stored in places like museums, archives, etc. Secondary sources are information about the events that happened in history. These are written after studying the primary sources. To give the most accurate account of a historical event we need to study primary sources as often as possible, but more often than not primary sources are not available and historians have to make use of secondary sources. Secondary sources should be studied with caution as they might have been written from the person who studied them point of view or with his/her opinion in mind. “Examples of secondary sources are textbooks, reference books and models such as the facsimile of Dias’s caravel found in the Maritime Museum at Mossel Bay.”(TL501:126)
Andreas Jacobus van Tonder 56158009 Material sources and relics from the past: Material sources can be studied by historians to get knowledge about history. Material sources are the things that have physically remained at the site being studied.