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HUM 111 THE ROMAN EMPIRE Virgil’s Aeneid, Romanization and Urbanization: benefits of Rome extended to the provinces Gave people they conquered the benefit of living in cities, gave them government, often offered them Roman citizenship. They wanted to organize and tax the people they conquered. They gave the people housing, sanitation (sewers), gave them food, set up police/fire departments, brought water into the city w/ aqueducts… they thought that giving all this to the people they conquered would make them have roman loyalty, and most of the time, it did Benefits the romans gave their citizens…. Roads: Appian Way, Via Sacra, Harbor Street (Ephesus), streets in Pompeii Many roman roads are still present, over 50,000 miles of road. Roads could be built by slaves but more often the roads were built by soldiers. These were very permanent roads… they would dig down several feet and put sand and gravel, and then facing stones onto the road, many of which are good today. Very small one-way roads Via Sacra- the sacred road, leads to the roman forum… we see facing stones Harbor Street – in asia minor (Ephesus) in modern turkey. The eastern roman empire was very wealthy, we see beautiful streets, marble, lined with columns, pedestals with statues on them… Streets in Pompeii… seaside on the bay of Naples… when things got unpleasant in rome in the summertime, the wealthy would go to Pompeii for their summer villas… were covered with volcanic ash/lava by the eruption of mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD, and now they have to excavate it all. . the whole city was frozen in time, revealing all the roads, buildings, etc. Roman streets have, high curbs, sidewalks, stepping stones to cross the street… you would need the stepping stones because much of the traffic on the street was animal traffic, and also because there was no plumbing in the typical house, so you were supposed to use chamber pots and take it to the proper dumping place for waste, but many people just tossed their waste out the window onto the street… so people would cross the street on stepping stones., facing stones Roads were very important to administer the empire, practical to move troops, supply the garrisons/forts, have efficient/effective communication, wonderful trade… and all these things were a way to keep order in this huge empire Aqueducts: Pont du Gard, Nimes (France=Gaul, Roman province) They didn’t have to build towns on water, they built their cities on nice places and then brought water with aqueducts (aqua-water, duct-to lead)… we look at an ancient aqueduct in ancient france in gaul. .marvel of Roman engineering made possible by the use of concrete, face it in brick or stone to protect it… wonderful use of the arch in major way (did not invent arch)… arch is much stronger than the post and lentil format… there were little knobs off of it… if it were greek, the knubbs would be cut off… the knubbs were used for the Romans to put scaffolding
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HUM 111 taught by Professor Sorrell during the Spring '06 term at Pepperdine.

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