IS Midterm Study Guide

IS Midterm Study - International Relations Midterm Study Guide Study Guide Chapter 1 The emergence of international relations came at the end of

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International Relations Midterm Study Guide Study Guide Chapter 1 The emergence of international relations came at the end of WWI because it was a total war it affected civilian life as much as military International Relations was founded at the University of Wales in 1919 to study war, its causes, and its relations Thucydides known as father of international relations, Athenian general who was exiled for losing a battle and latter wrote Peloponnesian Wars Key Terms: State – an organized political entity with a permanent population, a well-defined territory, and a government. Politics – the exercise of influence by competing individuals and groups to affect the allocation of values and distribution of resources; to political scientist Harold Lasswell, the process that determines “who gets what, when, how and why.” System – A set of interconnected parts that function as a unitary whole. In world politics, the parts consist primarily of states, corporations, and other organizations that interact in the global arena. Nonstate Actors – All transnationally active groups other than states, such as international organizations whose members are states (IGOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) whose members are individuals and private groups from more than one state. Schematic Reasoning – the process by which new information is interpreted by comparing it to generic concepts stored in memory about certain stereotypical situations, sequences of events, and characters. Attribution Bias – the tendency to emphasize situational factors when explaining one’s own behavior while stressing dispositional factors when explaining the same behavior in others. Cognitive Dissonance – the psychological tendency to deny or rationalize away discrepancies between one’s preexisting beliefs and new information. Mirror Image – the tendency of people in competitive interaction to perceive each other similarly – to see an adversary the same way as the adversary sees them. Individual Level of Analysis – an analytical approach to the study of world politics that emphasizes the psychological factors motivating people who make foreign policy decisions on behalf of states and other global actors. State Level of Analysis – an analytical approach to the study of world politics that emphasizes how the internal attributes of states influence their foreign policy behavior. Systemic Level of Analysis – an analytical approach to the study of world politics that emphasizes the impact of international structures and processes on the behavior of global actors.
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Nationalism – the belief that political loyalty lies with a body of who share ethnicity, linguistic, or cultural affinity, and perceive themselves to be members of the same group. Containment
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course IS 123 taught by Professor Ibryamova during the Spring '08 term at Rhodes.

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IS Midterm Study - International Relations Midterm Study Guide Study Guide Chapter 1 The emergence of international relations came at the end of

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