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MidTerm Hip Hop: MUH 215 Dr. Allison Ogden Part 1: Short Answer and Multiple Choice (worth 3 points each, unless otherwise noted) 1. In several sentences, define the terms Hip Hop and rap, making clear the distinction between the two terms. Rap is an element of Hip Hop culture. Hip hop is the umbrella term used for MCing deejaying and dancing. Rap is just a faction under hip hop culture. Rap is the rhythmic execution of lyrics not an interchangeable word for hip hop. 2. Define the terms DJ and MC, and, in a sentence, explain how the balance between the DJ and the MC changed during the development of early Hip Hop (Old and New School). DJing is mixing the beats and using the turntable like we all picture in clubs. MCing is the lyrical vocals going over the DJ’s music. There was a huge argument about what was more important to the hip hop culture and who “did the most for the culture” in popularizing Rap music. There is a lot of respect for DJ’s now who got the hip hop movement started but at the time people were focused heavily on the MC. 3. Hip Hop first originated as a genre in: (2 pts) b) Bronx 4. In a couple of sentences, discuss the importance of Kool Herc to the development of Hip Hop. Kool Herc was one of the main guys that perfected djing at the time. He was a genius in the way he figured out how to mix and he heavily impacted the development of hip hop in the Bronx. 5. In a couple of sentences, discuss the importance of Grandmaster Flash to the development of Hip Hop Flash figured out how to make the scratching sound and the rotations that records needed to make to create the DJ beats we know and love from old school. He was fascinated with the sound science behind the records and he figured out how manipulate them at a time when people would frown on you even toughing a record. There he was scratching and messing them up, people were outraged. 6. In several sentences, discuss the importance of Afrika Bambaataa to the development of Hip Hop. Instead of sampling from funk or disco, Bambatta sampled from electric dance music. This completely changed the sound for hip hop and created a whole new vibe for MC’s to wrap over. He had a very controversial career but he changed the sound of Hip Hop forever. 7. The Sequence was the first all-female Hip Hop group signed to a label, and also the first signed Hip Hop group that did not originate in NYC. (2 pts) 8. An accomplished musician in her own right, Sylvia Robinson was the primary force behind the establishment and development of Sugar Hill Records. 9. The first publicly released Hip Hop single, Rapper’s Delight, by the Sugar Hill Gang and Sugar Hill Records, brought Hip Hop to a wider national/international audience and came out in the year: (2 pts) a) 1979 10. In several sentences, discuss MTV’s relationship with Hip Hop as a genre, and black artists at large, in the early 80’s. They were largely underrepresented on tv at the time. MTV didn’t even play a black artist the first time the showed Hip Hop on their channel it was a white group ripping off black culture.