AP US History Midyear Review - APUSH Midterm Review Guide...

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APUSH 1/30/09Midterm Review GuideChronology1492– Columbus (Spain) to West Indies, Spanish colonization starts, dominant1497 – Cabot (England) to Newfoundland, British colonization slowly starts1500s-1600s – Early Indian PolicySpanish – disease, colonization, subjugationEnglish – good early, then conflict and war, “noble savages”French – good, involved in fur trade1607– Jamestown = first British permanent settlement1608 – de Champlain (France) to Quebec, first French North American settlement1609 – Hudson (Netherlands) to New Amsterdam; Dutch West India Comp. formed1612– James Wolfe starts tobacco industry1619– Jamestown develops first representative assembly; slavery enters colonies1620– Separatists form Plymouth Colony; Mayflower Compact created1623-4 – DWIC founds intolerant, aristocratic New Netherlands1630– Massachusetts Bay Colony formed by non-Separatists, town meetings formed1634 – Maryland founded as Catholic refuge1643 – New England Confederation formed (Ply, MBC, CT)1644 – Rhode Island founded by religious dissenter Roger Williams (left MBC 1636)1644 – England takes over New AmsterdamNew York1662 – Half-Way covenant increased, but diluted Puritan Church membership1675 – King Phillip’s War = no more Indian threat1676– Bacon’s revolt by freed indentured servants for harsher Indian policies1680s– Slavery became major; slaves lived better in Chesapeake than Deep South1681 – William Penn founds Pennsylvania for Quakers 1686 – Dominion of New England formed (British, enforce Navigation Acts)1688-97– King William’s War (earliest French and Indian War)1692-3– Salem Witch Trials evidence of widening social stratification1701-13 – Queen Anne’s War (second French and Indian War) 1733 – Georgia founded as buffer between SC and Spanish Florida1735– Zenger Trial gives early freedom of the press1740-48 – King George’s War [War of Jenkin’s Ear] (third French and Indian War)1754 – Albany Congress first attempt at colonial unity, included Franklin’s Albany Plan1754-63– French and Indian War (American version of Seven Years War)1764– Sugar Act (direct tax to colonists on foreign sugar); 1765 – Quartering Act, Stamp Act (colonists must feed and quarter soldiers, stamp tax), colonists create nonimportation agreements1765 – Stamp Act Congress, colonists make statement of rights1766 – Stamp Act repealed, Declaratory Act replaces1767 – Townsend Acts (indirect taxes on glass, lead, paper, tea1773– Boston Tea Party results from British limits on tea purchase sources1774 – England passes Intolerable Acts, close Boston harbor, new Quartering Act1774 – First Continental Congress decides to boycott all British goods1775– Second CC with Olive Branch; Battles at Lexington and Concord, Bunker Hill
1776– Declaration of Independence; Common Sense; Battles of Trenton/Princeton1777 – more battles, Saratoga was turning point to get French support1781– British surrender at Yorktown, weak-federal Articles of Confederation ratified1783– Treaty of Paris officially ends the War

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