SOCI 1F90 u2013 All Notes.docx - Lecture 1 Sociological...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 20 pages.

Lecture 1 - September 10, 2019 Sociological Perspective Study of human groups and their interactions Unique way that sociologists: View our world Analyze the relationships between individuals and the larger social network Why do Students Drop out Of School? Psychology : What are the personality characteristics of students who drop out in to those who stay in school? Education : What strategies can we use to keep students in school longer? Sociology : What are the characteristics of schools that contribute to the drop out phenomenon? Sociological Imagination Charles Wright Mills Ability to understand dynamic relationship between individual lives and larger society Personal issues result from individual challenges Social issues caused by larger social factors Important to understand how personal issues may be linked to larger social issues Quality of mind = one’s ability to look beyond personal circumstance and into social context Lecture 2 – September 17, 2019 Engaging your Sociological Imagination Agency Assumption that we have the ability to alter our socially constructed lives Structure The network of relatively stable opportunities and constraints influencing individual behavior Do we behave autonomously or as agents of social structure ? Our perception of ourselves and others are the products of many factors, including: o Minority status o Gender o Socioeconomic status o Family structure o Urban-rural differences How have factors such as these affected the person you have become today?
Positivism vs Anti-Positivism Positivism – Considers all understanding to be based on science Three assumptions: Objective and knowable reality Sciences will be alike overtime Value judgements must be avoided in science Anti-Positivism – All knowledge is subjective Three assumptions : Social world cannot be understood through science alone Sciences will not merge over time Science is not value free Microsociology – Investigates individual and small group dynamics Early theorists : George Herbert Mead, Charles Horton Cooley, Herbert Blumer Macrosociology – Study of groups and/or large social structures Early theorists : Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber Nature Vs. Nurture Nature Biological approach Our actions stem from our biological roots Nurture Environmental approach We are the products of our socialization Social forces and the social environment create human experience Nature: Being Born You Sociobiology Uses evolutionary theory and genetic inheritance to examine the biological roots of social behavior Evolutionary Psychology Relabeled form of sociobiology; argues that Darwinian inheritance can explain contemporary human behavior Nature: Learning to Be You Socialization Lifelong process where we learn our culture, develop personalities, and become functioning members of society Social Interaction The ways that people interact in social settings, recognizing each-others subjective experiences and/or intentions Social Isolation

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture