Poetry Terms- Kevin - Kevin Gallagher Poetry terms Oral Tradition Stories and poems passed down for generations by word of mouth Dramatic situation

Poetry Terms- Kevin - Kevin Gallagher Poetry terms Oral...

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Kevin Gallagher Poetry terms Oral Tradition- Stories and poems passed down for generations by word of mouth Dramatic situation- details crucial to understanding a poem but only implied when the poem appears in print Occasional verse- poem that is written about or for an event or occasion that may be private but generally of some public significance Persona (personae:plural)- speaker of the poem Confessional poetry- autobiographical poetry that is extremely candid Narrator- the person identified with telling the poem/story Auditor-person/persons spoken too in a poem Apostrophe-when nonhuman, inanimate, or abstract thing is directly addressed Epigraph- a brief explanatory statement or quote that explains the setting Dedication- when an author dedicates a work to a person/persons Genre- separate categories of literature delineated by style, form and content Lyric poetry- brief poems that were meant to be sung or chanted to the accompaniment of a lyre Epigram- short satirical lyric usually aimed at a specific person Elegy- lyric on the occasion of death Ode- long lyric in the elevated language on a serious theme Narrative poetry- poetry whose main function is to tell a story Epic- long narrative poem about the exploits of a hero Folk Epics- intended for public recitation and existed in oral form for a long period of time Literary epics- products of know authors who wrote their poems for publication, shares same style as a regular epic Ballad- shorter narrative with song like qualities, often including rhyme and repeated refrains Folk ballad- come from oral tradition and are anonymously authored Art/Literary Ballad- conscious imitations of the ballad style by later poets and are generally somewhat more sophisticated in their technique Realistic narratives- medium length (1000 lines or less) that are essentially poetic novels or short stories in verse Dithyrambic poetry- composed to be chanted at religious rituals by chorus was the forerunner of tragedy Dramatic poetry- persona are usually an invented character not to be identified with the poet, the poem is presented as a speech or dialogue that might be acted out like a soliloquy or a scene from a play Dramatic monologue- a speech for a single character, usually delivered to a silent auditor Dialogue poetry- two personae speak alternately Idiom- personal use of words that mark an author’s poetry through repeated use Diction- refers to the individual words in a poem that may be classified in several ways Level of diction- can range from slang at one extreme to formal usage at the other
Poetic diction- used to indicate the level of speech somehow refined above ordinary usage Archaisms- words that are no longer in use Syncope- contraction, dropping a letter from a word to preserve the meter of a poem Denotation- literal meaning Connotation-implied meaning or feel that some words acquire

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