Life Span Potty Training.docx - 1 Behaviorism Is the...

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1. Behaviorism: Is the psychological study of observable and measurable behavior; actual behaviors. Ivan Pavlov presented classical conditioning which is behavior that can be learned by making an association between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus. John Watson emphasized on the natural science, all human behavior results from learning of past experiences and environmental influences, operant conditioning. B. F. Skinner agreed with Watson’s theory but with the addition of using positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement or punishment to influence one’s behavior. Parents often like to use positive reinforcement like the reward system when it comes to toddlers. Parent’s use rewards that children would admire or enjoy; for instance, candies, stickers, toys, etc. So, the desirable behavior the parent wants from the child would be using the potty toilet instead of diapers. As the parent would demonstrate where and how to use the potty, they’ll also show what the child would receive as a reward for his or her accomplishment. Eventually rewarding the child for every time they use the potty and turning the desirable behavior into a habit. A negative reinforcement can also be used to demonstrate that child is not achieving the desirable behavior. Taking away the reward after an unsuccessful day of potty training would demonstrate to the child that they are not doing what there are being showed. Some developmental issues can occur from potty training. These issues can either impact a child a for a short time frame or even longer than expected. Stressful experiences or transitions can impact a child potty training; for instance, child at a young age tend to be resistant to learning to potty train. A child behavior might be to refuse to take the time go to the bathroom, which can then lead to a child urinating or pooping in their diapers or on the floor. As parents, their behaviors can also impact a child learning process of potty training. At times a parent can become irritated or impatient towards the child who training because the parent understands how
simple the task is. That can either be the result of how their parents before them treated their

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