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History Notes Federalist Republicans and The Jeffersonians 10/27/10•The Rise of the 1stParty System and the “Revolution” of 1800oRise of 1stParty System, continuedNo anticipation of political parties•Structure of constitution didn’t accommodate elections with opposing parties •They thought “party” meant that person had a narrow vision and didn’t have civic virtue, he was promoting his own agenda, this was seen as licentious Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson•Both in Washington’s cabinet, these men had very different visions•Jefferson had unlimited belief in common man’s ability to govern themselves (yeoman farmer= chosen people of God). Commonwealthman, very suspicious of centralized power. He wanted to make sure federal gov only had powers explicitly listed in Constitution. As long as America was an agricultural country it would remain free, industrialization corrupts. •Hamilton didn’t trust common man to govern themselves, he thought they were licentious and uneducated. They must be guided by educated men. He wanted America to be industrialized and powerful. He believed in using the federal gov to promote economic growth, even though it doesn’t specifically state in the Constitution. French Revolution Backdrop •Radical revolution•Hamilton saw this as a perfect example of the unguided common man. They began to fear Jefferson and followers would do the same thing. They wanted the US to side with Britain to crush the only other republic in the world. •Jefferson didn’t want to end the only other republic in the world, he thought we should maintain alliance with France (alliance was written during Revolution and helped us win). They began to look at Hamilton as trying to establish a monarchy in the US. First Presidential Election with 2 Identifiable Parties (1796)•Democratic-Republican Party is Jefferson’s Ideas •Federalist Party is Hamilton’s idea •John Adams of Federalists won against Thomas Jefferson•Person with most votes is president and second most is
vice-presidentoTwo people with very opposing ideas running the country oThe Federalists Overreach, 1797-1800Federalists create laws to give themselves the upper hand in election. oThe Election of 1800 and Its Significance John Adams ran with VP candidate (Charles Pinkney)Thomas Jefferson ran with Aaron Burr Each party pair tried to manipulate how electoral votes would give president most votes and VP one less vote so the same party would be in officeJefferson and Burr tie for first, the House of Rep breaks the tie, It would be decided be Federalists of house of rep Hamilton despised Burr and never wanted to see him become president and got everyone to vote for Jefferson and Burr was VPRevolution of 1800- republicans had prevented re-imposition of monarchy in America (this is just what Jefferson claimed) •Into a New Century oPractical Republicanism