Midterm 1 Study Guide - HSTAA 212 Exam Midterm 1 Sample...

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HSTAA 212 Exam Midterm 1 Sample examination questions (essay): 1. What were the predominant military practices and attitudes of the colonial period in America. Are they reflected in the Constitution and, if so, how? - Armed population, militia system universal military (self-defense) obligation. Militia was a safe non-standing army, affordable and required most males to show up at set times each year to drill. - Dual militia: Neighborhood militia with everyone in it (minutemen force) and a volunteer militia which was paid and wanted to serve, they also set out to attack Indians. - Seen as a “religious crusade” - Used Indian allies, weapons, methods (ex Indian throwing axe in the woods) armor was worthless, pikes were also. - Resort to unlimited war (European armies had developed a limited war concept, not an all out war to wipe out the enemy) - Open-ended warfare approach: wipe out all of the Indians because there are more of them and they are non-religous - Colonists grew rapidly, which gave them an advantage as 2/3 of the Indian population was killed by disease - Colonists brought professional soliders with them (John Smith and Thomas Gates) Constitution: no standing army 2. What were the main factors working for and against the Americans during the Revolution? Likewise, what factors did the British have going for and against them? American pros: - Large expanse of land - Forest and frontier - Few roads - Sparse population - Rivers for movement - Few cities and towns with more than 10k people - Decentrailized government - Decentralized military American cons: - Major cities on coast -- voulnerable from sea - 90% of population on coasts or rivers - Lake and river chains give direct routes from Canada to New England and New York - Britsh naval power British cons: - Cites to strike = not decisive - Interior = they are not effective away from coast - Other countries may get invlolved - Supply and support for army 3,000 miles away from home British pros:
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- Larger force -- set pace of the way, picked battle and locations Americans served to react to British moves - Counter-revolution: use loyalists - Race war: insight slaves 3. What strategic plans did the British have for defeating the American rebellion during the eight years of the Revolution? How well did they match with reality, how well did the British follow their own plan(s) and with what success? Phase I – Isolate New England, crush rebellion Bunker Hill and Declaration end this plans hope, Phase II – Classic European style (fire and shock with buoyant charge) in middle colonies, engage and destroy American Army, crush revolution spirit Failure to trap and destroy Washington in New York, American’s build morale at Trenton and Princeton, Loyalists do not rally, 3 pronged offensive to isolate New England fails as Americans win at Saratoga and then France allies with America. Howell does not want to crush American army and ends up letting them retreat, navy can not close off evacuation. During winter months the British end up building up revolution support by mistreating
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HSTAA 212 taught by Professor Notsure during the Fall '07 term at University of Washington.

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Midterm 1 Study Guide - HSTAA 212 Exam Midterm 1 Sample...

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