HIST 2057 Exam 1A Nation Re-United I. The South DefeatedII. From Presidential to Congressional Reconstruction A.Lincoln’s “10 Percent Plan,” 13thAmendment a.The “10 Percent Plan” or Louisiana Plan:a.i.Established in 1863/64, it allows the south to form union governments – 10% had to take a loyalist oath. a.ii.This created rival union and confederate governments a.iii.A way for Lincoln to incorporate the South and give them an out and allow them to negotiate a.iv.It was very lenient and didn’t really specify about the status of the freemen.b.Lincoln’s general idea was that some blacks, those who could read and write and served in the army or demonstrated certain merits, could become voters. c.Lincoln’s Death:c.i.Conspirators execute Lincoln d.Aftermath:d.i.North retribution is swift and violentB.Andrew Johnson Ascendsa.Tennessee unionist; he had only been on the job for a month. b.He hates planters, has never owned slaves and has class antagonism against southern planters. c.When running for re-election he wants to get some unionists from the south to show a strong sense of union even in the confederacy. d.He is now head of the radalist republicans who didn’t like Johnson e.Johnson’s Plan:e.i.Congress wont listen to he has to seek out someone who will and makes it easy for the confederate leadership to move back into place.